Aase, Andreas: Documentation and reflection, Improvisation in Scandinavian traditional guitar. Department of Music, NTNU, The National Norwegian Artistic Research Fellowship Programme, October 2009.

Bergsland, Andreas: Experiencing Voices in Electroacoustic Music, Doctoral thesis,NTNU, Trondheim 2010.

Borgodoff, Henk : The Debate on Research in the Arts, Bergen National Academy of the Arts, Bergen 2006

Cox, Christopher and Warner, Daniel (ed.): Audio Culture-Readings in Modern Music, Continuum, New York/London 2009, 205.

Engum, Trond: Beat the Distance, Music technological strategies for composition and production, NTNU/Norwegian Artistic Research Fellow Programme 2012

Gamble, Tom: “Imagination and Understanding in the Music Curriculum”. Cambridge University Press 1984

Lane, Cathy (ed.) Playing with words - the spoken word in artistic practice, CRiSAP/RGAP, London, 2008.

Lewis, George E.: “Improvised music after 1950: Afrological and Eurological Perspectives” in Cox &Warner (ed): Audioculture-readings in modern music, Continuum, NewYork/London, 2009

Nyrnes, Aslaug: Lighting from the side, Bergen National Academy of the Arts, Bergen 2006


Schøn, Donald: The reflective practitioner: How professionals think in action. London: Maurice Temple Smith, 1983.


Weber-Lucks, Theda: “Electroacoustic Voices in Vocal Performance Art - A Gender Issue?”Organized Sound: Vol. 8, no.1 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2003


Lane, Cathy: “Introduction: act of translations”, in Lane, Cathy, ed.: Playing with words - the spoken word in artistic practice, CRiSAP/RGAP, London/Manchester 2008.


Lansky, Paul: “Interview by Cathy Lane,” in Lane, Cathy, ed.: Playing with words - the spoken word in artistic practice, CRiSAP/RGAP, London/Manchester 2008.


Scholtz, Christian (ed.) Fümms Bö Wö Tää¨Zäa Uu: Stimmen Und Klänge Der Lautpoesie, Urs Engeler Editor, Switzerland, 2002.


Maceda, Joseph (ed. Chris Brown)“A concept of time” in Zorne (ed.) Arcana II, musicians on music Hips Road, New York 2007

List of CD’s with tracks referred to in chapter 1:


Ex. 1 : Jøkleba:  Jøkleba! Live Curling Legs CLCD 22 , 1996

Ex 2: Veslefrekk: Veslefrekk, NorCD, NORCD 9411, 1994

Ex 3 Close Erase No 2: Who Grew Too (What) Nor CD, NORCD 9933,  1999

Ex 4 Sidsel Endresen/Bugge Wesseltoft: Duplex Ride, Curling Legs C.L.P: CD 41, 1998

Ex 5 Endresen/Wallumrød/Sten : Merrywinkle, Jazzland Recording/Universal , 2004, with Christian Wallumrød/Helge Steen

Ex 6 Humcrush with Sidsel Endresen: Ha ! Rune Grammofon, RCD2114,  2011

Ex 7 Fairplay :Fairplay, Odin Records, ODIN NJ 4027 1989

Ex 8 Elin Rosseland Trio: Trio, NorCD, NORCD 0770, 2007

Ex 9  Elin Rosseland, Rob Waring and Johannes Eich, NorCD ,NORCD 0450, 2004

Ex 10 Eldbjør Raknes Solo MYrecordings, MY 01 2006)

Ex 11 Eldbjørg Raknes, Stian Westerhus and Eirik Heggdal: From frozen feet heat came MYrecordings, MY03,  2008)

Ex 12Supersilenton Le Jazz Non, Smalltown Supersound STS 034, 2000

Ex 13Vertex: shapes & phases, SOFA 529, 2010

Ex 14 En, en, en: Rød &Blå, Øra fonogram, OFO 010, 2010

Ex 15 Lemur:Aigéan , +3DB Records, +3DB 011,  2010

Ex 16 SPUNK: Den øverste toppen på en blåmalt flaggstang, Rune Grammofon , RCD 2026, 2002

Ex 17 Fe-mail: on Money will ruin everything, Rune Grammofon, RCD 2032, 2003

Ex18 Kvitretten: Voices, C.L.P: CD 26, 1996


Other CD’s mentioned in Chapter1:

Anja Garbarek: Balloon Mood, RCA, 74321 37443 2, 1996

Bjørk: Post: Mother Records, 527733-2 , 1995

Cathy Berberian: “magnifiCathy – the many voices of Cathy Berberian”, Wergo Scallplatten, WER 60054-,1971 /1988

Denseland: Chunk Mosz, MOSZ022, 2011

Josef Zawinul: The Immigrants, Columbia Records, CBS4607801, 1988

Laurie Anderson: Big Science, Warner Bros. Records, 7599-23674-2,1982

Manfred Mann’s Earth Band: Angel Station, Bronze Records – 200 367, 1979

Radiohead: KidA: Capitol Records, CDP 7243 5 27753 2 3

Sidsel Endresen : One (Sofa Music, SOFA521, 2006)

Stina Nordenstam: And she closed her eyes Telegram records Stockholm – 4509-93898-2, 1994



Other relevant listening (a few out of far too many to be listed)


Amy X Neuburg: Residue Other Minds, Other Minds Records, OM 1007-2, 2004

Jaap Blonk: Averschum, electric solo improvisations Kontrans, Kontrans 947, 2001

Maja Ratkje: Adventura Anatomica, Semishigure, semi009, 2006

Maja Ratkje & Jaap Blonk: Post-Human Identities Kontrans, Kontrans 651, 2005

Maja Ratkje: Voice, Rune Grammofon– RCD 2028, 2002

Pamela Z: A delay is better, Starkland, Starkland St-213, 2005

Velotis/Kaasbøll/Duch: The sea looks green when the sky is grey SOFA, Sofa 519, 2006)