is playing sudoku
while others run cross race
the Middle Ages are catching with networks of words
The Middle Ages, stereotyped with an age of uninvention and darkness, are surprising with discovering and creation of grid poems. The rows of the network are highly sophisticated mosaics of letters. Texts are composed of letters in such a way that the sentences are recognizable by color or another criterion devised by the writer and form various shapes (crosses, geometric patterns, tree shapes, other capital letters, etc.). Ussually two texts appear in one text: formal verses and image-text. Pubblilius Optianus Porfyrius, dated 325, composed a manuscript from letters arranged next to each other, when the reader needs to select the meaningful lines according to the color code. After more and more such examples emerged, and over time, puzzles from began to become more complex. For example, Hrabanus Maurus (780-856), a multidisciplinary historical figure monk-theologian-poet-writer-encyclopedist-thinker, etc., depicting the Latin text De laudibus sanctae crucis (In Praise of the Holy Cross, 826) where words can be read in a variety of directions, forming increasingly complex (example is kept: Oesterreichische Nationalbibliothek, Vienna, Austria.) Also, Medieval passages from the New Testament in Hebrew were formed in the forms of a cross (Byzantine Cruciform Lectionary, manuscripts, 12th century, middle, preserved in The Pierpont Morgan Library MS M. 692, folio 6r., New York).