(1) Edward S. Casey, The Fate of Place. A Philosophical History (Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press, 1998), p. 287.
(2) Walter Benjamin, One-Way Street (London: Verso, 1979), pp. 342-343.
(3) Italo Calvino, Six Memos for the Next Millenium (London: Vintage, 1996), p. 82.
(4) Ibid., p. 84.
(5) Maurice Merleau-Ponty equates vision with touch, which forms an 'osmotic relation' with architectural space. In Juhani Pallasmaa, The Eyes of the Skin. Architecture and the Senses (London: Academy Editions, 1996), p.11.
(6) Walter Benjamin, Illuminations (London: Fontana Press, 1992), pp. 230-231.
(7) Juhani Pallasmaa, The Eyes of the Skin. Architecture and the Senses (London: Academy Editions, 1996), p. 11.
(8) Ibid., p. 13.
(9) Ibid., p.11.
(10) In reference to Benjamin's affirmation 'The camera introduces us to unconscious optics as does psychoanalysis to unconscious impulses', in the essay The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction, in Illuminations (London: Fontana Press, 1992), pp. 230-31.
(11) Walter Benjamin, Reflections (New York: Schoken Books, 1978), p. 9.
(12) Neil Leach, Walter Benjamin, 'Mimesis and The Dream-world of Photography', in Iain Borden and Jane Rendell (eds.) Inter/Sections: Architectural Histories and Critical Theories (London and New York: Routledge, 2000), p. 28.
(13) As discussed by Freud, the joke communicates through a certain empathising with the subject of the joke, which takes place in the imagination. This kind of mimesis implies a creative engagement with the object and could be of potential significance for aesthetics. In Sigmund Freud, Jokes and their Relation to the Unconscious (London: Penguin, 1976).
(14) Elizabeth Wright, Psychoanalytic Criticism. A Reappraisal (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1998), p. 18.
(15) Ibid., p. 18-19.
(16) Ibid., p. 22.
(17) D. W. Winnicott, 'Transitional Objects and Transitional Phenomena', in Collected Papers (London: Tavistock Publications, 1958), pp. 229-254.
(18) Ibid., p. 242.
(19) Sigmund Freud, 'An outline of psychoanalysis', in The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, vol. 23 (London: Vintage, 2001), p. 196.