Bibliography and sources



  • Agrell, J.: Improvisation Games for Classical Musicians. Chicago: GIA Publications, 2008.
  • Agrell, J.: Improv games for One Player. Chicago: GIA Publications, 2010.
  • Bouquet, P. & Rebours, G.: 50 Standards Renaissance & Baroque. Bressuire Cedex: Éditions J.M. Fuzeau, 2006.
  • Brockmann, N.M.: From Sight to Sound. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2009.
  • Campbell, L.: Sketching at the Keyboard. London: Stainer & Bell, 1982.
  • Campbell, L.: Sketches for Improvisation. London: Stainer & Bell, 1986, reprinted with corrections 1997, 2013.
  • Campbell, L.: Sketches for Further Harmony and Improvisation. Exeter: Laura Campbell, 1994
  • Coyle, D.: The Little Book of Talent. London: Random House Business Books, 2012.
  • Christensen, J.B.: Die Grundlagen des Generalbassspiels im 18. Jahrhundert. Kassel: Bärenreiter, 1992.
  • Csikszenthmihalyi, M: Flow, the psychology of optimal experience. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1990.
  • Erhardt, M.: Upon a ground, Improvisation on Ostinato Basses from teh Sixteenth tot the Eighteenth Centuries. Magdeburg: Edition Walhall, 2013.
  • Friesen, E. with Friesen, W.M.: Improvisation for Classical Musicians. Boston: Berklee Press, 2012.
  • Geminiani, F.: The Art of Playing on the Violin. London, 1751. Republished London: Travis & Emery, 2009.
  • Goldstein, J.: Mindfulness. USA: Sounds True, 2013.
  • Lester, J.: Bach’s Works for Solo Violin. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
  • Mazzola-Vocola, V.: The Rules of Music For Beginning Keyboard Players. Napels, 1775.
  • Norgaard, M.: Jazz Fiddle Wizard. Pacific, USA: Mel Bay Publications, 2000.
  • Pett, A. with Rolin, E.: The Teaching System. Editions Fuzeau, 2007.
  • Reed, D.: Improvise for Real. USA, San Bernardino, 2016.
  • Sarath, E.: Music Theory through Improvisation. New York: Taylor and Francis, 2010.
  • Tilanus, R.: KWINTessens. Amsterdam: Broekmans & Van Poppel, 2008.
  • Nachmanovitch, S.: Free Play. New York: Tarcher Penguin, 1990.

Online sources 

  • Research by D.Dolan, J. Sloboda, H.J.Jensen, B.Crüts, E.Feygelson:[2013]/MPR0073.pdf
  • Research by pianist and researcher Robert Harris:

  • Berklee Online. Via - sample lessons of various theory classes can be followed there.
  • Youtube: play along backing tracks. For example this backing track for Blues in a minor:  

Sheet music

Apart from many scores that have been used when repertoire was involved over the course of the research, the following volumes have to be mentioned:


  • Bach-Schumann: Klavierbegleitung zu den Sonaten für Violine solo, Heft I and II. Frankfurt: Edition Peters.
  • James Bond 007 Collection, including play-along CD. USA: Alfred Publishing, 2001.



Apart from many recordings that were listened to over the course of the research, the following item has to be mentioned:


  • Samama, L.: Klinkende geschiedenis, Hoorcollege over de Westerse muziekgeschiedenis. NRC Handelsblad Academie.



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