What is ChatGPT?

ChatGPT is an artificial intelligence model created by OpenAI. It creates human-like text based on the input offered.

Open AI authors describe ChatGPT as 'a sibling model to InstructGPT, which is trained to follow an instruction in a prompt and provide a detailed response.' (Schulman et al. 2022). Furthermore, they state that 'We’ve trained a model called ChatGPT which interacts in a conversational way. The dialogue format makes it possible for ChatGPT to answer followup questions, admit its mistakes, challenge incorrect premises, and reject inappropriate requests.' (Schulman et al. 2022).

Although ChatGPT can be a useful tool, it also has its own limitations. A significant issue is that, in certain cases, it may providincorrect or illogical replies. This is because AI does not know reality and can produce results that appear true but aren't. Secondly, ChatGPT depends on the word choice, which implies that small changes can lead to different answers. The other problem is the possibility of inaccurate informationas AI's responses are based on the data that has beetaught. Furthermore, ChatGPT can write long texts and repeat certain words or phrases. It also does not remember past conversations. When using ChatGPT, it is important to check the information provided.

The workshop participants and I used ChatGPT 3.5, the free version, from November 2023 to February 2024. At the beginning of November 2023, I created a free account that we could access simultaneously with an email and password. However, when using the same account on multiple devices, we had to refresh the chat often to view all the contributions made by everyone in the conversation. In addition, I gave each participant a list of instructions to better understand how to use ChatGPT.


About the PaR research project:

ChatGPT and The Art of Dance-Making is a practice-as-research project that combines dance choreography, ChatGPT technology, and audience interaction.

This study explores the dynamic relationship between artificial intelligence and dance composition while creating an immersive experience in which the audience changes the performance. While a blend of dance composition, AI systems, and participatory art may seem complex and unfamiliar, this project seeks to explain and reveal its complexity while pushing the limits of traditional choreography. Not only does ChatGPT and The Art of Dance-Making improve knowledge of these intersections, but it also provides the foundation for future investigations.

This research consisted of two workshops, each with multiple trials. During these sessions, the dancers created choreographic sequences on the spot, getting inspired by the live chat with ChatGPT. The audience actively took part in the live chat, facilitated by ChatGPT, by writing messages. ChatGPT then processed these messages, offering inspiration for the dancers. The aim of this project is to analyse and compare the experience of creating a choreographic motif with the final dance sequences produced.

This research is important for the performing arts sectoras it suggests new approaches to co-creation while also expanding the creativity of dance practitioners and choreographers. The project's successes include an examination of ChatGPT in the arts, choreographic innovation, and an interactive audience experience. Whilthe project is created for the dance community, it may also inspire other forms of artsuch as theatre or visual art. This research is relevant for dance practitionersespecially choreographers, who are looking for a new tool to help them become more creative. This research is innovative for various reasons, including its use of ChatGPT as a co-creator of the dance sequence. By involving ChatGPT as a co-creator, the project states originality in "the making." This collaboration with the AI system distinguishes the project from the traditional method of creating dance.

A video trailer was included in the introduction page to enhance the reader's understanding of this research. This trailer showcases behind-the-scenes footage of the project.


 Chiara Bellich



Bachelor (Hons) in Dance Studies, University of Malta

Student number: 2009606




DCS3010: Individual Dance Project

Lecturer: Dr Margaret Westby



Word count: 3742

Date: 02/02/2024