Zart is one of many examples of Phase A piano playing exhibited in Playing Schumann Again for the First Time. These occasions of music-making were performed on the spot in front of a small audience, after having been asked to play music according to a certain character or other type of demand. I include numerous such examples in this project in order to convey to the reader-listener the importance of practicing extemporizing music in front of an audience.

A tender character piece such as Zart would also be a good platform for beginning with a different harmony than the one that will be established as the tonic harmony.  This idea is inspired by Robert Hatten's analysis of Schumann's final piece from the Davidbsundlertänze, Op. 6, and his presumption that the harmonic unfolding of the piece  especially due to the lack of a tonic harmony in the initial bars  lend an improvisatory character to the music (see Hatten 2009, 289).  

ZART                    audiosatisfactory      exhibits Phase A activity

recorded on June 7th, 2016: