List of sources



Abou-Khalil, Rabih. “Caravan.” By Duke Ellington. Recorded 1990. Track 8 on Roots and                      Sprouts. MMP. Compact disc.

Brahem, Anouar. Blue Maqams. Performed by Anouar Brahem. 2017; ECM Records. Compact              disc.

Faraj, Johnny, and Abu Shumays. Inside Arabic Music. New York: Oxford University Press,                    2019.

Hillshafer, Linda. “Stories of Standards: “Nardis” by Miles Davis.” Accessed on March 7, 2021,    

Khcheich, Rima. Falak. Performed by Rima Khcheich. 2008; Jazz in Motion Records . Compact            Disc.

Maalouf, Ibrahim. Kalthoum. Performed by Ibrahim Maalouf. 2016; Mi’ster Productions. Vinyl LP.

Maqam World. “Arabic Iqa’at.” Last accessed March 7, 2021.                                                        

Maqam World. “Maqam Sikah Baladi.” Accessed March 7, 2021.                                                    

Marcus, Scott. "The Eastern Arab World." In The Other Classical Musics: Fifteen Great                          Traditions, edited by Church Michael, 270-93. Woodbridge, Suffolk, UK; Rochester, Ny,                USA: Boydell & Brewer, 2015. Accessed February 1, 2021. doi:10.7722/j.ctt155j3zb.18.

Plenckers, Leo. Arabische Muziek. Amsterdam: Bulaaq Uitgeverij, 2014.


Shiloah, Amnon. Music in the world of Islam: A socio-cultural Study. England: Scholar Press,                1995. Citated by John Maurer, Music in the World of Islam, 1998.

Signell, Karl L. Makam: Modal Practice in Turkish Art Music. New York: Da Capo Press, 1986.


Simandl, Franz. New Method For The Double Bass. New York: Carl Fisher, 1984.


Yamani, Tarek. Lisan Al-Tarab: Jazz Conceptions in Classical Arabic. Performed by Tarek                      Yamani. 2014; Tarek Yamani. Compact disc.

Youssef, Dhafer. Diwan of Beauty and Odd. Performed by Dhafer Youssef. 2016; Sony Music                Entertainment. Compact disc.

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