Music NFTs:

Blockchain for Artistic Research?

A seminar hosted by Orpheus Institute, Ghent

24-25 May 2022


Blockchain basics

Artists using NFTs

Galleries and museums using NFTs

Platforms for music NFTs

Blockchain 101 - Part 2 - Public / Private Keys and Signing

Anders Brownworth

This is part two in my basic visual introduction to the concepts behind a blockchain. We build on the concepts from the previous video and introduce public / private key pairs and signing using an interactive web demo.

What is Blockchain? Blockchain Technology Explained Simply

Stephen Hay

Blockchain technology is a way of managing a ledger of records in a decentralized manner. It means that everyone participates in maintaining and updating the ledger, which makes it practically impossible to falsify. While Blockchain technology is a good solution to the issue of centralization, it’s also very inefficient and slow, therefore it should only be used if the problem at hand is indeed centralization. That’s Blockchain technology in a nutshell. If you want a more detailed explanation about the Blockchain and how Blockchain technology watch the complete video , here’s what I’ll cover:

0:54 - What blockchain aims to solve
2:48 - Bitcoin: the decentralization of money
3:10 - Decentralization opportunities 
4:04 - Blockchain explained in a nutshell
5:16 - How does blockchain technology work
10:05 - Ethereum in a nutshell
10:26 - Private blockchains
11:40 - Public blockchains
11:58 - Is blockchain the next big thing?
13:12 - Conclusion


Blockchain 101 - A Visual Demo

Anders Brownworth

This is a very basic visual introduction to the concepts behind a blockchain. We introduce the idea of an immutable ledger using an interactive web demo.

The Blockchain: Change Everything Forever

Digital Catapult and Furthenfield

Learn how blockchain technology is set to transform society.

Blockchain Technology Explained (2 Hour Course)

Coding Tech

Blockchain Technology Course will cover:

- Technology overview
- Blockchain evolution
- Decentralized web
- Distributed organizations
- Distributed ledger
- Smart contracts
- Distributed applications
- Internet of value
- Token economies

What is NFT? - NFTs Explained in Plain English (2022 Updated)

Ofir Beigel

What is an NFT? How do I buy one? Why would I want to buy a digital file that I can just copy in a second? Is it just another bubble? Today’s topic is NFTs, here is what we will cover in the video:

0:50 Fungibility Explained
1:41 What is a Non-Fungible Token?
1:49 Fun Fact!
2:07 NFTs Explained
3:43 NFT Creation
4:51 NFT Characteristics
5:07 NFT Examples
6:01 Buying an NFT
7:10 Selling NFTs
7:42 NFT Uses
9:29 Are NFTs just a bubble?
9:57 Summary

DECAL Decentralised Arts Lab

Furthenfield, London


Furtherfield has worked with decentralised arts and technology practices since 1996 inspired by free and open source cultures, and before the great centralisation of the web.

IPFS: the future of data storage

XLS Labs

IPFS aims to be a distributed storage technology that will avoid storage on insecure centralized databases. XSL Labs introduces you to this revolutionary technology in this new video.

EU Blockchain Observatory & Forum

The European Blockchain Observatory and Forum is a European Commission initiative to accelerate blockchain innovation and the development of the blockchain ecosystem within the EU and so help cement Europe’s position as a global leader in this transformative new technology.

Application of NFTs: beyond art and collectables


NFTs mark a turning point for digital transformation, as applications and integrations are spilling to various sectors: from music and events to energy and supply chains. To discover the transformative potential and opportunities NFTs present for DLT developers and adopters, the BlockStart project team invited founders of NFT startups and experts for a discussion on the 28th of October, between 3pm and 4:30pm CET. They aimed to identify a few possible answers to the question: what are the possibilities of NFTs application? Each speaker, while sharing their approach and application of NFTs, also presented their view on the future developments.

TED Talks: How the blockchain is changing money and business

Don Tapscott

What is the blockchain? If you don't know, you should; if you do, chances are you still need some clarification on how it actually works. Don Tapscott is here to help, demystifying this world-changing, trust-building technology which, he says, represents nothing less than the second generation of the internet and holds the potential to transform money, business, government and society.

The Blockchain: A Revolution You Need to Understand

Milken Institute

The promise of Bitcoin has been overshadowed by its underlying technology, the blockchain. There is great interest from traditional financial firms, which, saddled with decades-old payment infrastructures, are eager to adapt to the digital realities and improve the efficiency, speed and transparency of transactions. Efforts are underway at the national and international levels to study and monitor the blockchain, and a consortium of large international banks is collaborating on how to bring Bitcoin's technology to bear in the financial marketplace. How can this technology deliver for the financial services industry? Can we expect to see widespread use of these new systems in the near future and, if so, how will they change finance? Are we likely to see movement toward private rather than public blockchains, and how will this affect transparency and security?

Moderator: Marc Hochstein, Editor-in-Chief, American Banker

Speakers: Brian Forde, Director, Digital Currency, MIT Media Lab; Jalak Jobanputra, Founding Partner, FuturePerfect Ventures; Leanne Kemp, Founder and CEO, Everledger; Margaret Liu, Senior Vice President and Deputy General Counsel, Conference of State Bank Supervisors; Steve Wager, Executive Vice President, Operations and Development, itBit.

What is ERC-721

A website and resources dedicated toERC-721, a free, open standard that describes how to build non-fungible or unique tokens on the Ethereum blockchain. While most tokens are fungible (every token is the same as every other token), ERC-721 tokens are all unique. Think of them like rare, one-of-a-kind collectibles.

Damien Hirst and former governor of the Bank of England, Mark Carney, sat down to discuss 'The Currency’, NFTs, money, gold and Karl Marx.

In an exclusive interview with Cointelegraph at one of Damien Hirst’s sprawling West London studios, the artist talked about the tension between art and money, the fleeting nature of value, and how, more than anything, this new project tests just how much his audience believes in him.

‘Love is in The Air’ is the first art piece “fractionalized” by the project. The piece is divided into a 100×100 grid and the 10,000 particles are then turned into NFTs purchasable on the Avalanche Network. Each Particle is unique and allows the holder to enjoy a personal ownership experience with the artwork.

The 595 music notes contained in the 96 bars of the right-hand melody of Ryuichi Sakamoto’s signature composition, “Merry Christmas Mr. Lawrence” were digitally split into single notes and converted into unique NFTs. Each item is linked with an image of the music sheet for the bar containing the corresponding note. Additionally, there will be an auction for “NFT for the rights to obtain “Merry Christmas Mr. Lawrence” by Ryuichi Sakamoto handwritten music sheet'' “, after the sale opens. See also Sakamoto's official website.
" 595 Notes, 96 Bars " (2022). Music Video. Videography by Daisuke Shimada.
Art Basel Miami Beach and Tezos

- Day 1, 2 December 2021 - Building a Global NFT Movement
Crypto is going mainstream, what does it take to build a global movement through NFTs? Hosted by Stijn Jansen.
- Day 2, 3 December 2021 - Collision: NFTs Go Mainstream
Hear from Linkin Park frontman, Mike Shinoda about his path into NFTs.
- Day 3, 4 December 2022 - Disrupted: How NFTs are Changing Models and Markets
From galleries to anonymous collectors, explore how NFTs are changing the models and markets. Moderated by Micol, Vertical Crypto Art.

The DAOWO Sessions: Artworld Prototypes 2021 are the DAOWO Global Initiative’s culmination forging a transnational network of arts and blockchain cooperation with leading international arts and technology institutions and communities in cities around the world. Our ambition is to seed a new decentralised ecology of open source cultural organisations, built by artists embedded in distributed global communities. Designed to activate collaboration across communities, disciplines and sectors, DAOWO (Decentralised Autonomous Organisation With Others) events enable participants to interrogate the benefits and pitfalls of blockchain developments for arts, culture and wider society from local perspectives. Events connect visionary artists, cultural workers and blockchain entrepreneurs, together with local initiatives, communities, institutions and businesses to seek new transnational systems and approaches.

From baroque art to graffiti art, items from 500-year unparalleled collection of art, relics, reliquaries, sculptures and modern artforms to be tokenised. Proceeds to support SCML's extensive social enterprise work.

Palm NFT Studio

Palm NFT Studio is a collective of technology, entertainment, cryptoart and art industry leaders. The studio provides bespoke creative services for artists and rights holders looking to establish NFT marketplaces and next-generation work on Palm. Palm NFT Studio was brought together by ConsenSys founder and Ethereum co-founder Joseph Lubin; film producer and owner of Heyday Films, David Heyman; and founder of world class art house HENI Group, Joe Hage. The new venture is being led by co-founder and CEO Dan Heyman, former General Manager of protocols at ConsenSys. Initial projects launching on Palm include Damien Hirst’s The Currency with Heni and Candy Digital’s digital collectible program with Major League Baseball. Working together with creators and rights holders, Palm NFT Studio is developing the Palm ecosystem on Ethereum to be both scalable and sustainable.

Palm NFT Studio Overview for Talent [slides]

Introducing Teia

Teia is a sustainable, decentralized NFT marketplace on the Tezos blockchain, evolved from the Hic et Nunc platform.

How To Sell Music As an NFT On OpenSea

Crypto Futurist

Answers to frequently asked questions about making music NFTs on

Katsushika Hokusai (October 1760 – May 1849)
LaCollection and the British Museum

One of the leading painters and print artists of 19th century Japan, Hokusai (1760–1849) produced work of masterful quality throughout his 70-year-long career, creating many of his most famous pieces in the later years of his life. His most celebrated print Under the Wave off Kanagawa, better known as ‘The Great Wave’, was made around 1831 as the Edo-based (modern Tokyo) artist embarked on the rich creative period of his 70s and beyond. Hokusai's ambition was to create images of universal appeal, imbued with powerful life force, encompassing the whole range of subjects in worlds both real and imagined. By his death aged 90, he had over 3,000 colour prints, nearly 1,000 surviving paintings, several hundred illustrated books and hundreds of drawings to his name.

We present NFT drops with a selection of watercolors by Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775–1851). We have used art history and the maturity of the artist’s technique to define the scarcity level of NFTs associated with our drops. Between 1796 to 1809, Turner began his career as an artist and explored in-depth the watercolor technique. Therefore, we have decided to make our four NFTs from this period Rares. During the mid-1810s and until the mid-1820s, Turner traveled extensively in Europe, especially Italy. His interactions with new landscapes and a different light are excellent sources of inspiration, and his watercolor technique keeps maturing. Our NFTs from 1817 to 1823 are Super Rares. Then, Turner’s most influential period, which notably impacted impressionists and modern painters, started from late the late 1820s to his death in 1851. This is when his watercolor technique is at its peak in terms of composition and complexity of the medium. So, our Turner NFTs based on works between 1825 to 1843 are Ultra Rares.

Opulous is the only platform to mint Music Fungible Tokens (MFTs) alongside exclusive Artwork NFTs. Unlike other tokens, MFTs offer buyers a share of a single, EP or album’s music copyright. These groundbreaking tokens will generate monthly royalty revenue and increase in value as an artist’s career progresses. They’re the only music copyright-backed token approved by the SEC. So when artists you invest in earn money - so do you! MFT owners can track this passive income and withdraw their earnings directly from their Opulous account. Plus they’ll be tradable on the upcoming Opulous Exchange.

NFTs for everyone


OneOf is a green NFT platform connecting fans and collectors to their favorite musical artists, athletes and brands. Built for every fan: $0 gas fees. Use crypto currency, debit card, or credit card to purchase NFTs. Creators First: Unleash the power of blockchain without being a crypto expert, we are there for you every step of the way. Eco-Sustainable: Built on multiple proof of stake blockchains that use up to 2M less energy than other NFT platforms.

Create your first music NFTs with NFT market for musicians. Create music and music videos just under the $1, the platform works with BSC blockchain and supports mp4. With AirNFTs, you are getting the control over your NFTs, no middle man cutting your sales. Create, Buy, Sell and Earn with your music NFTs.

image: Damien Hirst, My Art Gallery, 2016 (

MetamusicX, Orpheus Institute, Ghent 2022