3. Public participation in concert with others
The third principle of allodoxic interventions is that they need to involve public participation in concert with others. For this, they need to be executed with peers in a common space with viewers; alternatively, they need to generate through their openness a public space where the action can be seen and evaluated by all. The most important aspect of this is that allodoxic interventions be equally transparent and accessible to all.
This opens up a whole range of diverse locations for use. Baroness Elsa, for instance, performed in the street, as well as the story of how her work, Fountain, was set in motion in 1917 as described previously. The openness of allodoxic interventions generates outcomes that allow the action to be seen and evaluated by all in spaces like new legislation, or commons maintenance or enhancement.
All of the examples presented in this exposition show how Baroness perceived war and other societal injustices from an economic perspective. She saw them as operating in the interests of increasing capital, allowing financial interests to impose horrific consequences on whole groups of people. This was the consequence, she believed, of elevating abstract reason to a privileged place in the scientific-industrial world. As discussed earlier, in reaction to this value being placed on reason, Baroness Elsa used her public participation in concert with others to demonstrate her rejection of the culture that constrained the spirit and destroyed spontaneity, instead embracing the high-spiritedness of Dionysian impulses.
Hacktivist art qualifies as allodoxic. This is when cyberspace is used to further social or political ends in important ways, and when work can be broadly read beyond the early definition of only accessing unauthorised computer files.[i] For example, networks use allodoxic tactics when they use cyberspace connectivity to coordinate face-to-face elements, disseminating information on online platforms and enabling real-time communication. The latter is particularly relevant to national and international alliances, such as the intervention by the artists of the Sydney Biennale 2014. The sponsor of the event was involved in offshore detention centres and, in response, a disruptive intervention was organised by participants from the art field. Cyberspace networks, social media, and other online publishing platforms also provide alternatives to the mainstream media, generating positive publicity and circulating successful allodoxic interventions aimed at replication, amplification, and recruitment.
Allodoxic artists can create cyberspace ecologies whereby disparate and previously disconnected people sharing similar concerns can become inspired and empowered to imitate original interventions, drawing on the same tools and techniques. Groups of strangers can come together to carry out actions, and by doing them together they can strike up bonds of friendship and trust upon which they can build a more concerted campaigning effort. In this way, online and offline activism are interlaced and reinforce each other. There are many existing and new media for accessing information about allodoxic interventions, meaning that more people have the opportunity to become involved themselves.
Solastalgia is the umbrella title for a five-year project I have been working on that highlights the way in which pre-allodoxic interventions can be designed with and for whole groups of people, as well as showing how my theoretical framework was built from the work of Bourdieu. The work supports the efforts of the Wollar Progress Association against the Wilpinjong Mine, as well as other townships in the region facing similar threats. The Australian philosopher Glenn Albrecht coined the term solastalgia in 2003 to describe a form of psychic or existential distress resulting from environmental destruction, such as that caused by mining or climate change. As opposed to nostalgia, the melancholy or distress experienced when separated from a loved home, solastalgia is the distress produced by environmental destruction, affecting people while they are still connected to their home environment.