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Fig. 1: Schematic representation of an information flow. Illustration by the author with images from Pixabay/Mohamed Hassan, www.flaticon.com, http://www.freepik.comhttps://all-free-download.com/free-vector/download/water-bottle_311922.html,Clem Onojeghuo https://unsplash.com/@clemono?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText"

Fig. 2: Jambeck et al., (2010). Plastic pollution per person. https://ourworldindata.org

Fig. 3: Guohua Shen, Tomoyasu Horikawa, Kei Majima, and Yukiyasu Kamitani, (2017). Deep image reconstruction from human brain activity. (https://doi.org/10.1101/240317). 

Fig. 4: German neurobiologist Gerald Hüther on the power of inner images. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2004, https://www.gerald-huether.de/

Fig. 5: The Kanizsa Triangle, representing an amodal supplement, showing how the brain creates an inner image of a triangle. Gaetano Kanizsa, Max Wertheim, Kurt Levin, Wolfgang Metzger, and many more worked on the concept of Gestalt Theorie since the beginning of the 20th century.

Fig. 6: Sigmund Exner published 1894 a "Draft for a Physiological Explanation of Mental Phenomena". He suggested that internal images must emerge from the activity of neurons.

Fig. 7: Blake Ross on aphantasia https://m.facebook.com/nt/screen/?params=%7B%22note_id%22%3A2862324277332876%7D&path=%2Fnotes%2Fnote%2F&refsrc=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2F&_rdr

Fig. 8: Tseng, J., Poppenk, J. (2020). Brain meta-state transitions demarcate thoughts across task contexts exposing the mental noise of trait neuroticism. Nat Commun 11, 3480. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-17255-9

Fig. 9: General religious icons. https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:Religious_syms.svg

Fig. 10: 10th century CE Greek copy of Aristarchus of Samos's 2nd century BCE calculations of the relative sizes of the Sun, Moon and the Earth (Library of Congress Vatican Exhibit,Vat. gr. 204 fol. 116 recto math06 NS.02). https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aristarchus_working.jpg

Fig. 11: 1493 Woodcut from the Nuremberg Chronicle. Also Schedel'schen Weltchronik, Blatt 5 verso

Fig. 12: Photo of the pages 90 and 91 with models of the Ptolemaic system of 1550 SACRO BOSCO "Tractatus de Sphaera" book, from Mario Taddei ancient books collection. Cf.: Geocentric model and De sphaera mundi

Fig. 13: Andreas Cellarius, Heliocentric universe, Harmonia Macrocosmica, 1660

Fig.: 14 The Inglehart–Welzel cultural map of the world (from 2020) is a scatter plot depicting societies on closely linked cultural values, grouped by worldviews, based on the World Values Survey.

Fig. 15: Illustration of a special (individual) field of perceptions. Illustration by the author 2020

Fig. 16: Annette Arlander sensing a special field of perception. Video still, performance, With a Henkel's Yellowwood, 2020. https://www.researchcatalogue.net/profile/show-work?work=815793 

Fig. 17: Joseph Kosuth, One and Three Chairs,1965, The Museum of Modern Art, revised 2004, originally published 1999, p. 257, https://www.moma.org/collection/works/81435?artist_id=3228&page=1&sov_referrer=artist

Fig. 18: Boxing a specific field of perception. DV study by the author, 43 sec, 1999

Fig. 19: While a field of all possible perceptions is always outside and determined by the environment, a room of perception is a collective mental construction. "Reisebüro (Travel agency)", installation, and performance of the artist group Bad Beuys, MQ Vienna, 2007

Fig. 20: Illustration of a simple room of perception focussing on one object and creating an ident inner image of a concrete object without contextualization of a Newtonian space. Illustration by the author, 2020

Fig. 21: Iterative room of perception. A study by the author. Ca. 22 x 100 cm, 2018

Fig. 22: Somatic room of perception. The image was taken by the author, 2006

Fig. 23: Virtual room of perception. The screenshot was taken by the author, 2021

Fig. 24: Marc Liberman, Geoffrey Pullum, "balls have zero to me to me to me to me to me to me to me to me to", 2017, https://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=33355 

Fig. 25: Avocado chair. Computer vision and pattern recognition. AI combined the formal aspect of an avocado with the formal aspect of a chair in different variations. https://openai.com/blog/dall-e/

Fig. 26: Martin Thoma, 10 iterations of applying DeepDream, 2015, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aurelia-aurita-3-0009.jpg

Fig. 27: Reciproc room of perception, Snapshot by the author, 2017

Fig. 28: Schematic illustration of reciprocal rooms of perception. By the author 2020

Fig. 29: Frontispiece of Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan. Or The Matter, Forme, & Power of a Common-Wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civil. Engraved by Abraham Bosse in 1651, modified by the author 2020

Fig. 30: Illustration of three different collective points of view. By the author 2020

Fig. 31: Cod A 172 sup fol 236v, Veneranda Biblioteca Ambrosiana

Fig. 32: Fig. 31 modified by the author

Fig. 33: A multimodal and specific room of perception. Illustration by the author 2021


All links were last accessed in December 2021.