This drawing is a starting point of exploring organic "time perception".

 

I'm studying current DNA and molecular biology, but I think that how I think on time is not on the wrong way as a starting point of exploring on time perception as alignment (Ordnung) and stability (Stabilität) in the state of rest. The intervention through the condition of the environment (factor), it would be random. Such as in sleep and in active. Organic has no mechanical constantness. However, observation is an average value over a certain period of time (stance) objectivity, and describes its characteristics and dynamics mathematically. Without stance, we cannot see the chaging and its difference.




Time and its phenomenon in current DNA and molecular biology, I call it organic "time perception", that is the wonder and advanced study. In my research, this point of view is post-post-structuralism after Rhizome by Deleuze Guattari. Also it would be towards coexistence with the Nature. That is my suggestion (I would like to suggest) for the account of "semi-formalism" by Bence Nanay in Aesthetics as philosophy of perception, what we can never see as a form precisely.

At the first, I thought of Nanays´account semi-formalism which regards Wollheim on `Twofoldness´. However, I think rather in Rene Magrittes´. Such as according to a painting of Magritte by Thomas Fuchs in his essay "ecology of the brain". My opinion towards that painting by Magritte is the opposition of Fuchs, how he saw it. Because my position is in the painter's position of subjectivity and objectivity. Fuchs saw the painter's subjectivity as objective. - Mirror of the viewpoint of the painter and the viewpoint of the viewer (medical doctor/neuroscientist).

In doing so, I have been exploring semi-formalism in "Aura" by Benjamin, but from the perspective of post-war. 

"Aura" by Benjamin, it was Aura and autonomy in the art, which Erscheinung was (...), subjectivity of art. In the post-war, the question regards the autonomy of human subjectivity, such as in participatory, installation art (an experience of art, which is not objective, but rather as a subjective experience.)

 

Observation of face tracking on the internet by AI, its virtual marking can never determine as investigation. It might be impossible to consider as "truth" account.

I think that `universal´is rather release between things and its event.

On time perception - a prologue for an artistic research

Study in DNA and Time perception

Today's research is rather on in-between and randomness in the environment. -> visible and in visible spatiality

"priori knowledge" within our own minds, that may be a prejudice. ...thus, in the context of Kant, it requires us to study and study actually.

(It is in Germany, that is "Fortbildung" in each profession, as well as the attending of the conference, workshop, etc.

In my profession as an artist, "Fortbildung" is attending the conference, workshops, etc in artistic research (society for artistic research and society for aesthetics and philosophy, and others.)

In the 21st century, Neuroscience has a new aspect of research on consciousness and body (brain) in their study, which involves the environment, refers to cognitive neuroscience. -> sense

William Jeams proposed a divided view of the self, who was American psychologist and philosopher in the 19th century.

He developed a theory of self that divided it into two main categories.

The "Me" Slef is concerned with our interactions with objects, other people, and ourselves. The "I" Self is our true, continuous mind that links the various aspects of our "Me" selves. He believed that our I selves had no physical subtance and could never be examined scientifically.

Immanuel Kant argued in Critique of Pure Reason that perception of the environment is not dependent solely on observations of the external world but also a priori knowledge within our own minds.

We organize the concept of time while observing the changes in nature, but I don't think we recognize or perceive  time in circles or straight lines.

Explore in Art, on Environment

Visible and invisible spatiality

Not only categorical and morphological studies, as well trans studies in gender studies, transgender studies, queer studies, black studies, disability studies, and so on from anthropological and sociological aspects also, as well in molecular biology and genetics.

Variation II

 

Variation III

Subjectivity and Objectivity

-> Organising own sexuality is a higher act by human(s), for that there are many studies, as well as has been researched together with various disciplines such as in psychology, literature, social science, aesthetics and so on, empirically.

 

Today's research is rather on in-between and randomness in the environment. -> visible and in visible spatiality

Currently, my question for the account of formalism in aesthetics is between Western formalism and non-Western formalism. It made a transculturality at the time, gave a new perspective. (Between aesthetic perspective and anthropological perspective, add. ethnological perspective) -> Semi-Formalism

The research on Universality is an important in philosophy for the medical law.

After the artistic research Klänge - Space, time and body, on Corona (1962) by Toru Takemitsu, I deconstructed "Universalism", which was an aim of Toru Takemitsu and many other composers in the post-war. It was a starting point of post-colonialism in the culture.

There are differences between Universalism and universality.

Universality is rather those things and those events won't be fixed, won't be still, won't be static, but rather dynamic and random without the goal in each environment naturally (in the law of the nature). Probably it is forever.

Universalism is, that consists of the ideology by human(s).

 

Otherwise, biological (study of biology) means, it would be like LEGO Flower Bouquet. However, the chart in molecular biology looks like a LEGO flower. But how the elements consists, that is another question.

Art is not something that makes someone to perceive, nor is it an exploration of what perception is. 

-> Nechvatal wrote me, he will study that. Everyone, who I know the artist study now. Sannicandro wrote me that he can read, that mean to me, he can read in latin, if he studied Italian Renaissance. Nono studied the law at University of Padova.


I read the doctoral thesis of Hideko Fujii (before her marriage, her surname was Nakatsui ), my great-aunt who died in 2012. Her doctoral research project in physical chemistry was started under Dr. Joseph Demers and Dr. Piere Demers (was the researchers on Zufall theory original from China, Zufall theory influenced in the New Music, USA. Zufall theory is, that is also Prof. Dr. Supper's his doctoral subject, after his retire, he taught and researched in China. Zufall theory is the subject of Variation III. I studied Zufall theory under Prof. Dr. Supper, but literary.)  at the University of Montreal in Canada in the 1950s. Her project was in a part of Tetsuo Fujii (in Physics), they had married after this project in Japan. They studied in the same class of physics at University of Hiroshima, after 1945 in Hiroshima city. (Etsuo was also in China for his research. Durch Zufall, because of Zufall...) 

They had re-established the faculty of Physics under their Professor at the University of Hiroshima in Hiroshima city autonomically and spontaneously, was in 1947 (They met again there in summer 1946).

Hideo's mother (Mother of my grand mother) Rai Nakatsui was became a shadow in the center of Hiroshima city on August 6th 1945, at 8:15 am.

That morning she has went to the center of Hiroshima City, and it happened, probably, when she would have gotten the food for the children. She was a teacher and Christian, she had studied at a private American Protestant women's college in Hiroshima city, and she was a first graduate. Her family was not the member of Japanese imperial party in Japan.


These combination of Eastley, Nechvatal and Sannicandro in Joint Artistic Research is Zufall, which was from the artistic research on Klänge - space, time and Body, on Corona (1962) by Toru Takemitsu. 


My question towards Zufall, "What is the state of peace?", balance of?, state of silence? or a gap? in the dynamic of Zufall, thereby " What does the Environment apply?" or in reverse, such as What does the environment adapt?

-> For research in Transversal Aesthetics

Onceness in art and the reality

 

I was born in Hiroshima-city in "1963", I am not from their generation. They did not receive anything supports from the Japanese government, of coures, as well as the USA government, there were no official supports, after the end of the war. People had no choice but to organize themselves and survive. I don't believe in nationalism, that gives us never solution. There were only through non-governmental support, but it was international.

The appearance was not important in the account of `beauty´. We explored on human beauty, it was beings in the environment subjectivity. For example, At first glance, the effects of radioactivity are incomprehensible. Discrimination against A-bomb survivors, such as a woman in A-bomb survivors could not marrige. It is undecidable that the children of the A-bomb survivors would have disabilities. 


How Umberto Eco worked, at the time, the religion (godness) had still the power towards their world view. After then, it was the ideology, had really the power towards their utopia.


 If I paint on canvas ”August 6th 1945, at 8:15 am (JST)", that is not onceness. Probably memorialized, or was specified historically or politically, which is not for imagination and not emotional,

Political in the art that is not the action of against or does not emotionalize, but rather only one sentence ”August 6th 1945, at 8:15 am (JST)" would start a political dialogue and deal with reality. (Without the date of the event, does not start to recognize anything in official such as in the law.) Art is not evidence of history. "August 6th 1945, at 8:15 am (JST)" today in 2021, I think it does not give much meaning, that is actuality. However, the new conflict and the nuclear war are always probably.


A question is "What is imagination?", is a neuroscientific question. ...Because imagination is not for and by "Neugierigkeit", maybe it can be Begeisterung from pathetic expression.

My perspective from August 6th 1945, at 8:15 am (JST) in the centre of Hiroshima-city is on Colonialism, Fascism, Imperialism, Ideologies, Capitalism historically, but the biological aspect.

"August 6th 1945, at 8:15 am (JST)" is our reality, in which of the worldview since modernism finally, that was the starting point of Apocalypse in the 20th century literary. Therefore the critical theories need to be from the aspect of biology in reality and its environment, was our nessesarity (Notwendigkeit der Kunst, Kunst eher im Leben).

 

For my family, the choice of religion is personal freedom. Therefore, there are various types such as Buddhist, Shintoist, Christian (Catholic and Protestant), and Atheist. The religion of my family is Zen Buddhism. My name is Erika (who has not blond hair, has black hair.), since I was born, was wishing for transculturality. So, I created an atheist account in my family. 

Practical question in my age is, such as my brother's question to me, How would I like to have my death ceremony, Buddhist? or Christian? or other formalism? or Semi-formalism? and in where? Before it would happen I need to think about the formalist by myself in my family. In Germany, even the atheist, they belong in/with the Christian from this aspect, that is the culture. It is the same as the case of Marriage and Divorce. So that formalism was higher in aesthetics, formalism did not originate in the war (fighting), formalism was on born (life) and death metaphysically (in geocentrism or heliocentrism). -> Question for the metaphysics in heliocentric theory and its ethics and aesthetics in the 21st century


In fact, buying a grave and its ground is as expensive as buying a house. So, there are public, communal, private and many other forms. There were capitalists and communists accounts (A capitalists account is the capitalisation of own material and its creditworthiness. A communists account is rather commonality.), today, there is also semi-formalist account, and others e.g. digital formalist account in this context. However, a grave was in the account of immaterility till today. It is the same as in the case of birth. So, I need formalism, therefore I need an account of semi-formalism. Semi-formalism is not a new, it was also in Neue Kunst, since modernism. (We don't need to live with the conservative way, that is just my critical aspect towards commercialization of immateriality as a new culture.) -> Whether I can solve and explore the Question for the metaphysics in heliocentric theory and its ethics and aesthetics in the 21st century.  Thereby my account is Zen account by my family in Japan. In this aspect, physically, I am still in-between of Christian account in Germany and Zen account in Japan or in semi-formalism. 

In the cultural history, formalism, we can see in Cemetery, that is 'in-situ' of study of sculpture historically. Who could develop this formalism, was by Monarchy historically. e.g. Piramide in Egypt, all over the world, that called world 'high culture'.

 

My mother was five years old when the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima.

 

She had deep trauma and she was hospitalized (She attempted suicide at the Hiroshima memorial peace park, jumped into the river when I was a child because she started to see the ghosts every day. We lived in front of the Hiroshima memorial peace park, a few years later after this accident, we moved from there. I could go there, but my mother can never go there. She has no memory of that days. I could understand that it was the days, would become mad.), but she trained in the temple and she earned the certfication. She has been allowed to preach (得道) and to have a temple, but she did not become a nun as a profession. 

I cannot see it, but my mother see it. She cannot go to around the Hiroshima memorial peace park even today, because she sees the ghosts there. She lost her memory of the day, at the day in Hiroshima-city, when she looked for her family with her mother. She was still 5 years old. If she does not go to there (in place), she does not see the ghosts. 

She lives in Hiroshima-city, has the profession, and she works even today. In Hiroshima-city, there was no the Japanese Imperial plutocrats at the time, as well as before the second world war. Maybe, there was the relationship with the Japanese Imperial plutocrats in Kure-city at the time, because of the factory of Mistubishi for shipbuilding, was for the fighting. I have no idea about the targets of the US military, there were some hypothesen.

World War II began with World War I. There was no way for commoner families to know about the war that has continued since World War I (Austria-Ungarn, Kaiserreich(Prussia)/Germany, and Italy against allies), even to this day. Who can talk about the war?


I am grateful to my family and other people in Hiroshima-city who never complained anything to me about the dropping atomic bomb, as well as about against the USA. It was really the starting point of ZERO for them (due to the shadow in the centre of Hiroshima-city). They kept working silently and silently every day. There was no other choice to live for them.


Today is finaly in the period of post-colonialism.

How did Humanity advance, in compare with 100 years ago?

If a third World War will happen in the 21st century, I think probably not the South vs the North, but rather the East vs the West. (From my experience, how different was the social system between the West and the East in Berlin? Changing from one social system to another social system is very difficult.)

To avoid the world war, hence, I think that requires us the time perception actually. In the 21st century, will we be able to change over the 200 years of the fate of the worst humanity through our knowledge, notion, communication, experience, relationship and technology democratically? 


*Godness is a word, that I made, original mean was deity, the absolute power, that we don't have any more since 1945. 'deity' means really absolute, sometimes, it was appeared in the account of fascist or justice of good and bad historically.

In the traditional Japanese culture, there was the notion of Ghost (the account of Ghost), instead of "Zero", which we can see in the Noh and other literature, was the question for the mind, spirit (Geist) of a human, as well as the ego of human philosophically. (From the aspect of neuroscience in those contexts, I have been reading the thesis of Deleuze and Guattari, and communicate with Nechvatal's. That is a transculturality  in the 21st century. Nechvatal's art criticism is to be an important aspect of my research.) -> Today these topics are studying in the study of neuroscience in Japan, for that reason, I research from two perspectives of Japanese and Western. Zeki has been studying together with a Japanese researcher. Therefore, Nanay and Wiesing are important current philosophers in terms of epistemology (probably a new and/or an ontological epistemology in the 21st century.) Nanay's is anchored in (Western) Aesthetics (philosophical psychology), so it makes sense for something new, but not a fashion, really a study, probably for a new study in  (Western and Non-Western) Aesthetics (maybe, and I suppose that is current research "global aesthetics" of Nanay, after the end of art in the 21st century.


My mother is not conservative, she wants to be like me (to study on objectivity and subjectivity in the neuroscience), so she is studying and studying to actualize, which is important for democratisation of the society. My mother was only five years old when the bomb was dropped, but she suffered because she always blamed her for "because I'm bad, because I'm stupid." 

Ghost(s), what she saw there, is an incalculable time and space, maybe in mind. But it was "1" not "0". (1 is an actuality, not 0 (Zero)* of absolute universality.)

*I am not the researcher of "0" (Zero), I need to study. Anyhow, from this aspect of absolute monarchy, in the fact, Jewish, they did not have it historically, but rather Isramism and Catholicism were/are absolute universality.

Attention in a photograph "Untitled 2020" by Erika Matsunami, Digital photography, January-February 2020:

 

What do you see in this picture? Diamond ring? or the pattern of a textile? or "N" on the left?

What are you reading in this picture? What do you see from this picture?


What is the aim of this picture? That is to explore photographic logic of non-sense "1" ("Art for art's sake") and allegorical contradiction. "N" is not a tattoo, was written with a pen on the hand, this is a similar function on a surface like the work of art "TV Buddha" by Paik. Thereby the conclusion of this artistic research is, "Art (be created by human) can never be any evidence in the history, art is a pictogram. It is the artefact.". (I have been researching pictogram from origin of.) Today's research on aesthetic experience in aesthetics, without the neuroscience (without knowing and knowledge of "experience" of humans such as the subject of consciousness), we can never explore aesthetic experience in aesthetics. I did not read many papers of the journal of philosophical psychology yet, however it requires for the researcher of aesthetic experience in aesthetics in the 21st century. There are two types of research in neuroscience, one is, that relates to the study of media art and robotic, like system engineering and computing, which research is based on mimesis of human nature. For them, the neuron is the circuit, by which material consists of the substance and its conductivity.  Another one is, relates to the study of medicine and biology, as well as molecular biology. They are gathering the best of humans for them, that idea came from the assemblage techniques, such as DADA, Surrealism, and Bauhaus, Fluxus and many other ideas in the new art/Neue Kunst from the 19th and the 20th century. Non-sense ("Art for art's sake"), such as by DADA and Paik, and many others is against the using of the art for the developing of the strategy of the military.

Imagination is an act of human and also an ability of human, which is centered around the environment in which humans exist (acoustic environment, natural environment, language environment, etc.). 

What is the imagination originally, which imagination is not from the synthetic word by the commercial?

Without the support by the machines (Technik, Technology), humans cannot exceed their territories beyond their abilities. However, Human has "walking" ability. It is for exceeding the limits of physical fitness and endurance.


- I wanted to change the attention of anti-semitism in 2020, especially after the corona-pandemic, I felt necessary.


I think the current situation of the Israeli armed attacks is wrong. Europe including Russia (Ex-Sowjetunion), the USA, Japan, China and Islamic countries were imperial countries in Modernism, also Europe including Russia (Ex-Sowjetunion), the USA, Japan, China were in Capitalism since the 19th century. However, China had a situation under colonialism by European countries.
It was an era of dictatorship, chaebol, bourgeoisie, class social system, discrimination and capitalism. Whatever happens, national persecution cannot solve the problems of the Japanese Imperial Army's invasion in Korea and in other Asian countries, colonial policies by the Western countries, and the conflict between Israel and Palestine unless it claims to be wrong.
It was the Western countries that envisioned and realized nation formation and capitalism. The ideology of one world is the world view of the Western, thereby the world consists of the left world and right world, and upper world and lower world.

Christianity recognizes the rebellion of justice in the name of God, so from the perspective of Japanese rulers, there was the concern that it had might be transformed. That concern in the 16th century was by the rebellion of Japanese Christians, it has taken over in Japan and would be colonized through European countries such as Spain and Portugal. Christianity in Japan was against authority, but at the same time, there was the absolute authority of God. So, Christianity in Japan has developed Liberation theology together with Buddhism logically, with its autonomy, was in south Japan historically. For example, the interpretation of the resurrection of Christ became a "reincarnation", that was a changin view point from geocentrism to heliocentrism. So, Christianity turned to the heliocentric theory and took root in Japanese culture.


On Sculpture in Japan, consideration from the traditional Aspect, there was no sculpture. If there were the sculpture in Japan, that was in Ancient Japan.
Not sculpture, but rather in Architecture and in Garden, the notion of Sculpture (Metaphysics) and the aesthetics were integrated in their Räumlichkeit für appreciation in life. e.g. Tokono-Ma (床の間), Kakae-jiku (掛け軸), Ikewana (生花) in the Architecture, Sekitei (石庭) in Zen-Garten, and so on. Isamu Noguchi, he was in the modern Sculpture, and in-between.

The misunderstanding of sculpture is that people generally believe that the created figurative statue through the material is sculpture. Even if the sculpture in Romanticism, there were Metaphysics.

Buddhism statues in Japan express the character of the nature (sacred) metaphysically (Time and Space of the universe), some of are humanistic character and the fortune. There are many fairy tales, but European fairy tales are scary (because straight about abuse, discrimination, ) except for Andersen and Moomin..., so that I research in the cotext of Dante. Ethical logic consists of through humor, was human amore, that is the humanity in the sense of human relationship.

Romanticism, when I read, were really scary, not about love, rather on power. I think that 'miracul' means thereby, one will get the power (from the god). For this reason, the authority and the military liked Romanticism. There was no idea of 'miracul' by the god (the problem with 'miracul' is, when people understand it as 'event and things' such as on resurrection of Christ and mythlogical stories.) in Buddhism. So, My argumentation in Western aesthetics is, Academician cannot solve the research question without theology. I took part in a non-profit gallery  event in Hamburg, which was supported by the city of Hambrug, and gave the lecture, the moderator of this lecture was a German young Dr. in Theology. His moderation was profound. He solved the research question in this event logically. In the Western music composition, absolute music such as in Romanticism, was abstract music at the time, the expretion of such as intangible and spiritual, was written on god by music composers. Which  are scary stories, I think modern people can appreciate it because they don't understand the meaning. Archeology and theology divorced from aesthetics as well as philosophy of art, so that high art which meant in romanticism won't exist in art. Aestheticians research in romanticism will inter- oder cross disciplinary with Archeology and Theology in the 21st century towards the re-cognition of art history.

After Neue Kunst, art divorced with theology in that sense. It was a starting point of post-colonialism.


My grand aunt's colleague and friend. (My grand aunt was Dr in Natural science and a professor, was a Christian, Her Christian name was Hildegard. (Queer studies (Love in the same female sex) in Hildegard von Beingen) My name is Erika, that is a transcultural Name, since I was born, but I was not baptized. My mother is buddhist, and a nonna, she received a buddhist name, after her studied in buddhism.)  was Dr. Elisabeth Gössmann, she was the German Dr. in feminist theology within Roman-Cathoric Church, was a great research in post-war, what she had researched. (There was for example, Witch trial, not as event and things in art history, but rather logically.) Her (German) husband was Dr. in (German) history and literature on Heine and Japanese Heiku, also taught in Japan and in Germany, in post-war. I was like her German husband Heine and Japanese Heiku in Germany, what I studied, so that in the context of John Cage...., was a starting point of the creating new words (articulation).


There are in every culture Philosophy of mind in the positive sense, such as esprit in French.


My grand aunt's Hideko (英子) had received a short stay scholarship from Hiroshima university at Oxford university in the UK, after her Master of Sience (M.Sc) study in physics at Hiroshima university. (She has the B.Sc in pharmacology at Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences.) I think that it was unofficial, was (just before) in 1950. In 1945, she was in the age of 21 years old. It was an era of divorce from Japan by Britain (England/英国). (I don't know why, she spoke English well. She spoke with me in English (英語), as I child. Hideko's mothers family, there was a national scholar in the law, who had studied in the UK. After graduating, she also taught at the Japanese Red Cross College.) So, from the aspect of absolute universality (of Monarchy), Nagasaki and Hiroshima were underground (I mean Zero in this context of underground. There is no underground in Buddhism.). Not only in the historical painting as the Western high art, I know the meaning of the underground of absolute universality in the reality. -> The Western high art and Museology. In this context of the absolute universality, white and black (undergraound), and black and white (underground) through the revolution, both are in the same context of the absolute universality. So, black study, as well as gender study can explore in the account of post sturactulism, that is my research position, which towards the account of semi-formalism.


-> L’ecriture feminine is a term coined by Hélène Cixous, in The Laugh of the Medusa (1976), meaning literally “feminine writing.


 

Page: 01 Notation

 

My family is an intellectual family, and my family knows, there is no difference between girls and boys in their intelligence, that is up to an individual, not gender.

I was born in Hiroshima, where was an underground (radioactive contamination) because of the dropping of the atom bomb (It was to exclude into zero, because of the Japanese Imperial Kaiser as the god. The Japanese Imperial Kaiser had occupied more than 90% of Japan until 15. August 1945. Hiroshima and Nagasaki were Christican cities in Japan historically.) From this reason, I had to learn physics and mathematics in everyday life when I was a kid.

At home, the philosophy was based on Russell's, so technology, as well as idealism, didn't fascinate or excite me like fashion, it is the same with the art. I like his essay, even today also. For me, it's calming and inspiring.

Die Weltwirtschaftskrise zum Ende der 1920er und im Verlauf der 1930er Jahre begann mit dem New Yorker Börsencrash im Oktober 1929.

The post–World War I recession was an economic recession that hit much of the world in the aftermath of World War I. In many nations, especially in North America, economic growth continued and even accelerated during World War I as nations mobilized their economies to fight the war in Europe. After the war ended, the global economy began to decline. In the United States, 1918–1919 saw a modest economic retreat, but the second part of 1919 saw a mild recovery. A more severe recession hit the United States in 1920 and 1921, when the global economy fell very sharply. 

ZERO in Traditional Japanese culture: There was no "Zero" notion in the Traditional Japanese culture. It meant that there was no property in materiality mathematically, but its property in materiality was an existing material. Minimalism in this context of the traditional culture (without the notion of ZERO), that was logical and metaphysical but without godness. 

Probably, ZERO was in the Western culture or Islamic culture rather near to godness, but in terms of this context, I need to research ZERO in the Western culture, which refers to Minimal art, as well as Minimal music. That is a sort of universality.

From this aspect, Minimal artas well as Minimal music are sophisticated in Western culture. Because "0" (Zero) is absolute and transparent mathematically.

Minimal art, as well as minimal music (with the notion of ZERO/Godness) and Traditional minimalism (Without the notion of ZERO/without Godness), are different, which were not in the same context of culture. In today's minimalism, there is ZERO, which is the variation, but without godness. In art in the 21st century, there are many variations.

The spatiality of Zero in New York is 'being' in the account of idealism, which is different from ZERO in the centre of Hiroshima-city, between them has no identifying meaning historically, politically and geographically.

The Panic of 1819 was the first widespread and durable financial crisis in the United States and some historians have called it the first Great Depression. It was followed by a general collapse of the American economy that persisted through 1821. The Panic heralded the transition of the nation from its colonial commercial status with Europe toward an independent economy.

Though the downturn was driven by global market adjustments in the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars, its severity was compounded by excessive speculation in public lands, fueled by the unrestrained issue of paper money from banks and business concerns.

The Second Bank of the United States (SBUS), itself deeply enmeshed in these inflationary practices, sought to compensate for its laxness in regulating the state bank credit market by initiating a sharp curtailment in loans by its western branches, beginning in 1818. Failing to provide gold specie from their reserves when presented with their own banknotes for redemption by the SBUS, the state-chartered banks began foreclosing on the heavily mortgaged farms and business properties they had financed. The ensuing financial panic, in conjunction with a sudden recovery in European agricultural production in 1817, led to widespread bankruptcies and mass unemployment. The financial disaster and recession provoked popular resentment against banking and business enterprise, along with a general belief that federal government economic policy was fundamentally flawed. Americans, many for the first time, became politically engaged so as to defend their local economic interests.[1]

Today's topic in capitalism is such as the bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers (in the post-modern, Lehman brothers was not Judenturm (Judaism), as a global capitalism. In the post-war, there were no any "-turm", such as Christiantum.), was krupted. That (bank) was the idea of capitalism in modernism. There were two different things between capitalism in study of economy and tum/ism in study of religious, as well as in social science, political science and international studies in terms of Gender studies, Ethnology, (sociocultural) Anthropology*, and so on.

(*Anthropology is a field of study that focuses on human origins, societies and culture. On the other hand, ethnology is the study of the characteristics of different peoples.)

 

For example "Die Wurzeln des Christentums liegen im Judentum im römisch beherrschten Palästina zu Beginn des 1. Jahrhunderts."

"Von zentraler Bedeutung für das Christentum ist Jesus von Nazaret, ein jüdischer Wanderprediger, der etwa in den Jahren 28–30 n. Chr. auftrat und in Jerusalem hingerichtet wurde. Seine Jünger erkannten in ihm nach seiner Kreuzigung und Auferstehung den Sohn Gottes und den vom Judentum erwarteten Messias. In ihren Bekenntnissen nennen sie ihn Jesus Christus. "

"The city of Jerusalem is sacred to many religious traditions, including the Abrahamic religions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam which consider it a holy city. Some of the most sacred places for each of these religions are found in Jerusalem and the one shared between all three is the Temple Mount.[1]"

-> This problem is in culture and art, and humanities all over the world, which is academic colonial and imperial problems. -> Institutional governance and politics. However, it's about mainly the Christian context, then the context of Confucianism and Islamism (cultural context), then the context of the race (anthropological context), then the context of social class (social context), and the context of the social system (ideological context), because the study is ontological generally. (School and Mainstream)

In economic research, Heidegger's phenomenology is mainstream in France and the United States, so students choose mainstream regardless of race. Such as gay nationalism. In the academy, Heidegger's has a higher position in German idealism philosophically, in the Christian context as well as in the USA and France. Thereby my critical is towards global economic war.
There are many contemporary philosophers today, that is my research aim, my research aim is not classical philosophers. For that, it requires mathematical logic. Sociology is today, the study of social science. It requires the philosophy of information in an empirical study. It is the same as in medicine and in biology critically. Because there are gaps between virtual (mathematical) and real, as well as between mental and physical, that is biological.

 

I think that there is no judaology today. In the European academy, 100 years ago, the genocide by German Nazi eliminated everything of Jews. So, today's antisemitism in Europe is also falsehood, that is the wrong argument. If it is not falsehood, which includes the political issue of Palestine, and other genocides all over the world historically and currently are justified (wird gerechtfertigt). If the Arab countries fight against Israel due to antisemitism, therefore, Israel must fight against antisemitism, as well as Europe, otherwise, Geman Nazi has Justification, which means that for the European countries, such as Poland, France? The position of post-colonial studies is anti-antisemitism. So, colonisal studies is against post-colonial studies.

 

Benjamin's research was in the context of Kant, not in judaology.
The modern academic controversy is on colonialism and post-colonialism, but in the same context of such as Heiddeger's (Patriarchy), I don't know why? Thereby a question is Plato's on love in Patriotism, how it is interpreted.

 

(There was no guarantee of employment in Japan also in the United States. In the case of Germany, there is the Grundsicherung, but till next employment, how can one know about the future of own life? It was the great depression of people in EX-DDR, after the German unification in the 1990s.

That is always the question between communist system in capitalism and capitalist system in caplitalism, since Marx's theory of materialism, which refers to Anti-Oedipus by Gilles Deleuze, FeÌlix Guattari.)

 

I think that was rather than the failure in the loan to the low-income earner, it was relating to the 9/11 attack (2001), not just terror, I feel that the Cold War will never be ended.

In those historical background, I explore noise as well as in the time perception, because I don't think as noise such as hate speech as well as similar hate action.

Maybe an issue is everyone wants to be rich, have a good life, to changing of the idea for the life, instead of thinking of sharing, everyone wants to have great luck, probably, that is an algorithmic way of thinking on fairness. Although it might be a noise, but it could make a new sense.

-> She researched also in study of Image science is not only photographic image, also on X-ray picture, and others. 

The lecture in 2021, “Automatizing Attention vs. A Public Right to Hear” by Yves Citton was really, I am gratefully thankful.

The Russell–Einstein Manifesto was issued in London on 9 July 1955 by Bertrand Russell in the midst of the Cold War.

The Father’s ray, the pure, will not sear our hearts

And, deeply convulsed, and sharing his sufferings

Who is stronger than we are, yet in the far-flung down-rushing storms

            of

The God, when he draws near, will the heart stand fast.

But, oh, my shame! when of

 

My shame!


(A poem in Romanticism, a part of  Friedrich Hölderlin, “As on a holiday. . .” [Wie wenn am Feiertage (1800) ]. Trans. Michael Hamburger, Friedrich Hölderlin: Selected Poems and Fragments, New York: Penguin, 1998. pp. 173-177.)

It is understandable, that religion saves a person from suicide, but I don't think there is a religion that says "kill people for God". I don't think it has anything to do with freedom of religion.

Research on visual Noise through shadows in the artistic research "Silence surrounds us, silence around us", regarding noise at the sonic level in the environment. The leitmotif of this project is "environment".

I think that is the same as in the Academy, with the new studies, such as black studies, in a phase or procedure of chaos and their noise. But through this phase would be born something new.

When I think of transformative aesthetics, theater as well as dance and music were interesting in the performing arts, like film today, it was transformative art media, but a real-time art medium from one place to another, connected between different places (people).

In today's world, where English and technology have been identified globally, there is not much difference. For example, One can study the Traditional Japanese Fine art in English in the USA individually, so one does not need to go to Japan for study.  Also Ballet and the Western Traditional and/or Classical Music, one can study them in China in Chinese. Maybe it is very transformative in the culture globally.

About the difference between colonialism and post colonialism:

By "identifying", it was in the concept of colonialism, however, the post-colonialism tries to establish a respectful relationship (equality) by confirming the "differentces" .

Together with the Lehman shock (bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers), now, the bank interest of Bank savings is almost 0%.
The future issues in Western countries are probably a pension system, and other national deficit, etc...
Since 2008, employment conditions in western countries has deteriorated. e.g. Normal employment framework decreased. Instead, industrial media through Global Communication was developed social media such as Facebook, and also a business by PayPal, and Amazon, etc.
In the future, I think the art auction is not like an art auction in the 20th century. I think the economic mechanism will change.

So, now I think that is a starting point of change for such as semi-formalism more and more.

200 years ago, the financial mechanism is not united worldly, so was the mathematical formula still different depending on the culture?

Probably, aren't the global economic issues capitalism, but rather in the terms of the end of 200 years of capitalism? For example, The social security system such as pensions is collapsing.
Thereby the issue is not universality, but rather the idea of colonialist, such as their 'identifying' of different cultures in their context. In this situation, of course, it will be a question of the importantness of formalism. Because the globalisation needs 'difference' of culture. Otherwise, it would be colonisation.

I think that is not only me, many are exploring 'semi-formalism' today in different contexts (of space, time and body), e.g. Materialization and difference of analog and digital  ..., it would be started in art and culture in the UK and Switzerland obversely, maybe, because of the bank system and social system in their countires.


It is certain that art works are not in the age of "models", in other words, art works are not "models" in the age.

With this corona crisis after 2020 as an opportunity, the diffused form of rhizomatic capital tends to be integrated into one capital. It means maybe that the capital will earn interest by combining capital into one. But it seems a new form, not a traditional capital form of the group of affiliated companies. 

In Germany,  such as the real estate.

Bank interest rates
Bank yield

How Edgard Varèse mentioned in his music composition, that a new organisation of and/or from the nature (surrounds) is always perceived as noise. Nechvatal's visual noise is also a new organisation by AI algorithmically.

“Aesthetic attention beyond the object” (in a sense, "beyond the subject")

 

Abstract:

In her contribution Specular Space, Mac Cumhaill argues that the “empty space” of a depicted object is not physical empty space but rather it is a mental “empty space” of specular experience through superficial phenomenon. It can be explained in today’s cognitive neuroscience and cognitive psychology. With two-dimensional images on the Internet, we see the image on the screen. In fact, this surface is an empty space, the sound overlaps the images that directly give us the attention, which is simulated as if “awareness” that calls the futuristic "impact" of things or events. In this paper, I explore “aesthetic attention”, particularly from the auditory sense of things and events. Thereby, I question, “How are we paying attention in everyday life?” particularly in non-human and human society. How might our attention be changing in contemporary society and its environment? These questions address to attention as an aesthetic experience in regards to the contribution Specular Space by Mac Cumhaill. (...)

 

 

References:

-       Mac Cumhaill, Clare. “Specular Space.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, vol. 111, 2011, pp. 487–495.

-       “Listening to Instruments.” Instruments for New Music: Sound, Technology, and Modernism, by Thomas Patteson, University of California          Press, Oakland, California, 2016, pp. 1–17.

-       O' Callaghan, Casey, Beyond Vision: Philosophical Essays, Oxford: OUP, 2017.

-       Hamilton, Andy, "Music and the Aural Arts", British Journal of Aesthetics, Vol. 47, No. 1, Januarry 2007 

-       Schulze Holger, Sonic Fiction, London: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2020.

I don't have the concrete discussion yet, but I feel that social changes will increase in the future, such as the pension system, social welfare system including medical insurance, and employment conditions, and so on.

In Nanay's Lecture at a conference in June 2021, I am very thankful, especially for a picture of Tortoiseshell decoration, that is 'artefact, which I have been researching. A kind of documentation. I have also Greek's from Greece, that is current study. How it is different as in central Europe, I can see it. It must be translated, not interpreted and not identify.

I think that Kindergeld (Parental income doesn't matter) in Germany is a reduction of 19% (7%) consume tax in a family. Kind (child) does not work (Kind does not pay the income tax, but Kind consumes including of tax. Kind has the right to reduce the tax. A child is not out of society, not '0' right, but rather in a part of society. '1' and actuality -> fairness of the society)

 

Kindergeld in Germany is not due to Christian morals, but rather it is towards Marx's theory by Social democratic theory.

->

-> A social system that does not rely on interest rates

-> N.N - Zwischenliegend on subjectivity and historical objectivity, people, things and events of in-between, perspective from a city (Berlin-Wall) in Europe. Leitmotif is peace.

My artistic research is the aspect of transmediality.

-> For instance, in this context of the bank interest of bank savings, "0"% is absolute and transparent forever (maybe in the account of idealism), but even 0,000000001 % has probability and possibility of changing, in the word of the Bank, "to grow". -> for concerning about a reduction in the middle class.

-> In this situation, in Western countries, it seems that China is a model for the avoidance of the classical capitalist monarchy, but, at the same time, for the concerning about national socialism critically.

Artistic research -> Series Project B.O.D.Y. 

I think that transformative aesthetics is in mathematics, so it seems in the economy Heidegger's phenomenology is effective, but it is single in a homogenous context and may be alienated (maybe in the account of idealism).

Artistic research: Variations