This question is in the general study for everybody on Cell cycle - Causes of Human Disease/ Exploring Cancer and Genetic Disease - University of Leeds.

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Exploring theoretically


Check your understanding 

Question 3: 

Why do cells require checkpoints at various stages in the cell cycle? What do you think the purpose of these checkpoints might be? 


Educator feedback:

It is very important that DNA is replicated accurately and that chromosomes are segregated accurately. Therefore, these checkpoints allow enough time for these two processes to finish and make any necessary repairs or corrections, before moving onto the next step.

What do I think?

If I think about the cell cycle, I think together with the "brain" (Neuroscience). Therefore I understand that cell is independent and autonomy (Normal cell with self-destruct mechanism (I think that it's self-control, self-reflection. But "cancer cell lacking self-destruct mechanism", therefore more uncontrolled cell will be proliferation.)). However, the brain controls the body condition that is a cell's environment. 

I think that it needs thereby for cell cycle an optimal condition.

Therefore I have a question.

Is cancer cell from own cell? I think yes.

The cancer cell is not a virus or bacteria, maybe which cells lost "self-destruct mechanism" would be the cancer cells.

If the biological body lost "self-destruct mechanism", does it mean death, such as necrotize (absterben)?

„x is an artwork only if it is about something.“ (The neo-representational theory of art, Philosophy of Art, Noël Carroll, 1999)

I attempted to express “pain” (visualizing) in this spatial installation, which is constructed in a rhizomatic form with threads.

My temptation in the project “B.O.D.Y. – そして、それから” work in progress (2015/2017), which lays out the philosophical implications and thus with it the external catalyst, brings the transition from the accentual feeling/sensation into the space. I work in the concept that is "body without physicality in a space", such as the intention of feelings (something), for example the semantic account of longing and memories in the sound and the intenseness of the color and form on a visual level. I attempt to approach the subject “body" ontologically, which refers to the epistemological questions into various strata such as visual and auditory expressions, and to represent as another existing form of the subject.

(The sound “two lines” is an ongoing work about sentience of time and about a place; I ask the question in the interview: one is “where you were” – in times past, a bygone place in the memory.)

B.O.D.Y. - そして、それから work in progress / 2015/2017–, Berlin
Mixed Media, Sound-, Spatial- Installation


Sound B.O.D.Y. - two lines (2017) (excerpt) 


"Indem diese Trennung Kants Dissertation »De mundi sensibilis atque intelligibilis forma et princiis« ihren ersten geschlossenen systematischen Ausdruck findet, ist daher auch das Problem der Ethik auf eine völlig Grundlage gestellt. Wie ein reines »Aprioricc des Wissens, so gibt es jetzt auch ein Apriori der Sittlichkeit: wie jenes aus den bloßen sinnlichen Wahrnehmungen nicht ableitbar ist, sondern in einer ursprünglichen Spontaneität des Verstandes, in einem yt actus animia wurzelt, so muß auch dieses,  wenn es seinem Gehalt und seiner Geltung nach begriffen werden soll, vorerst aus aller Abhängigkeit von dem sinnlichen Gefühl der Lust oder Unlust herausgelöst und von aller Vermischung mit ihm freigehalten werden. So ist bereits an dieser Stelle für Kant der Bruch mit aller eudämonistischen Begründung der Moral entschieden." („Der Aufbau der kritischen Ethik“, Kants Leben und Lehre, Ernst Cassirer (1874 - 1945), pp. 251 - 252)

"Since this separation receives its first full systematic expression in Kant's dissertation On the Form and Principles of the Sensible and the Intelligible World, the problem of ethics is hence also given a completely new foundation. Just as there is a pure cognitive a priori, there is now a moral a priori as well. In the same way as the former is not deducible form mere sensory perceptions, but has its roots in an original spontaneity of the understanding, an actus animi, the latter also, conceived with respect to tis content and its validity, is loosed from any dependence on the sensory feelings of pleasure and pain, and cleansed of any contamination by them. Thus it was as early as this that Kant broke with all morality based on eudaemonism." („Growth of the critical Ethics“, Kant's Life and Thought (Kants Leben und Lehre), Ernst Cassirer, trans. James Haden, New Heaven and London: Yale University Press, 1981, p. 236)

-> All of the cancer cells in a malignant tumour originate from a single somatic cell

biological Regeneration

DNA replication works in an ideal or optimal condition accurately. 

Human body in the contemporary would be rather bluntish.  

In the case of cancer, a patient needs the special or optimal conditions which are including the life-style. 

-> Cells would that normally self-destruct can continue to divide.

--> This is a new way of thinking in Rhizome (Philosophy). 

Rhizome is a philosophical concept developed by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari in their Capitalism and Schizophrenia (1972–1980) project. It is what Deleuze calls an "image of thought," based on the botanical rhizome,

that apprehends multiplicities.

Apoptosis and Autophagy are both forms of programmed cell death. Necrosis is the form of cell injury. (cell damage)

--> Mutation

"Cancer can be caused by environmental factors such as ultraviolet radiation or can occur if a mistake is made as DNA copies itself during cell division.

Usually, this doesn’t cause a problem. However, where a particular cell acquires mutations that cause it to ignore the usual signals that control cell growth and cell death, it can then grow out of control. This is what we understand as cancer."

Sound „two lines“: Who talks „El tiempo tiene su propio tiempo.“, he came from Santiago, Chile. Through his speech, I think about the avant-garde literary movement in Chile.

A Chilean poet Vicente García-Huidobro, who promoted the avant-garde literary movement in Chile.

Creacionismo was a literary movement initiated by Chilean poet Vicente Huidobro around 1912. Creationism is based on the idea of a poem as a truly new thing, created by the author for the sake of itself—that is, not to praise another thing, not to please the reader, not even to be understood by its own author.

Huidobro himself defined it as "a general aesthetic theory" rather than a school of art. He proposed that poetry should not be a commentary, something written about something else. In his own words:

[A created poem] is a poem in which every constituent part, and the whole, show a new fact, independent of the external world, not bound to any other reality save its own, since it takes a place in the world as a singular phenomenon, separate and distinct from the other phenomena. That poem is something that cannot exist except inside the poet's head. And it is not beautiful because it commemorates something, it is not beautiful because it reminds us of things we have seen that were beautiful in turn, or because it describes beautiful things that may come to see. It is beautiful in itself and it does not admit terms of comparison. And neither can it be conceived outside the book. Nothing in the external world resembles it; it makes real what does not exist, that is to say, it turns itself into reality. It creates the wonderful and gives it a life of its own. It creates extraordinary situations that can never exist in the objective world, that they will have to exist in the poem so that they exist somewhere.[1]

The difference of "X" between Bence Nanay's theory and

Noël Carroll's theory:

- two different contexts of theories,

such as attention in aesthetic value and in the contemporary representational theory.

In contemporary art, the artistic concept itself is strategic and it encompasses in fine arts study.

However, their theories are in a context of my artistic research, due to the research subjects of "semi-formalism", and "from threefoldness to multi-foldness". "X" in Nanay's theory is in threefoldness.

B.O.D.Y. - そして、それから work in progress / 2015/2017–, Berlin
Drawing for Mixed Media, Sound-, Spatial- Installation

- Environment

- Multisensory

- Perception

- Autonomy

- Diversity

Genetic testing and genetic deseases: we can know potentiality and risk of deseases.


e.g. Huntington’s Disease

Video Huntington's Disease Testing Process - Wayne's Story

Video Huntington's Disease Testing - Michelle's Story & Impact on Life


Archive: Huntingtons Disease Prevalance



in Gestation.


Project "B.O.D.Y. – そして、それから"

Work in progress (2018)

Installation B.O.D.Y.­ - そして、それから" work in progress (2018), "x" ­– Pain of love

My approach in the project "B.O.D.Y.­ - そして、それから" Work in progress (2015 – 2017), which contains philosophical implications and represents the outer catalyst with the installation, creates the transition from the accentuated feeling to the space constructed in rhizomatic form with threads, I have tried to express (to visualize) "pain" in love as "x". In doing so, I deal with the subject of tension and dissolution in the forms and their construction. Organic sea salt and dyestuffs (textile pigment and organic hibiscus) that are in a petri dish, which are related to the theme of tension and dissolution, suggesting physical "phenomena" as opposed to literary ones.


Technique: Threads, wire mesh, clear plastic tube, organic sea salt and dyestuffs (textile pigment and organic hibiscus)

Dimensions: variable (Maquette) 


The event "Das Elend der Liebe" at the Studio 1, Kunstquartier-Bethanien, Kreuzberg-Berlin, Germany, November 20th, 2018

All cases have chance and possibility and everyone has the right to live, this perspective is the humanity. In art and through art, we can try to explore on 'life' in Humanites. Art as goods or concept or other forms, people can sale it in the rule, but also 'art' can be to explore in terms of Ethics. Which art as goods or concept or other forms bases on Ethics, it might make sense.

Art in respect of the molecular biology


- Autonomy

- Individuality

- Space and Time

- Phenomenology in Ph.D. artistic research

Exploring the Role of Autophagy-Related Gene 5 (ATG5) Yields Important Insights Into Autophagy in Autoimmune/Autoinflammatory Diseases

Xin Ye, Xu-Jie Zhou* and Hong Zhang
  • Renal Division, Peking University First Hospital, Peking University Institute of Nephrology, Key Laboratory of Renal Disease, Ministry of Health of China, Key Laboratory of Chronic Kidney Disease Prevention and Treatment (Peking University), Ministry of Education, Beijing, China


Autophagy is a highly conserved process that degrades certain intracellular contents in both physiological and pathological conditions. Autophagy-related proteins (ATG) are key players in this pathway, among which ATG5 is indispensable in both canonical and non-canonical autophagy. Recent studies demonstrate that ATG5 modulates the immune system and crosstalks with apoptosis. However, our knowledge of the pathogenesis and regulatory mechanisms of autophagy in various immune related diseases is lacking. Thus, a deeper understanding of ATG5's role in the autophagy mechanism may shed light on the link between autophagy and the immune response, and lead to the development of new therapies for autoimmune diseases and autoinflammatory diseases. In this focused review, we discuss the latest insights into the role of ATG5 in autoimmunity. Although these studies are at a relatively early stage, ATG5 may eventually come to be regarded as a “guardian of immune integrity.” Notably, accumulating evidence indicates that other ATG genes may have similar functions.

->nicht direkt zu Noël Carroll's theory, sondern in Bezug auf Phänomenologie sowie bei Husserl denke ich nach.

Objectivity and Subjectivity in Natural Intelligence:


What is 'Natural Intelligence'?  which is the great and hidden potentiality of human abilities.

It helps us Human for our Human's Health.

In this great and hidden potentiality for human abilities, how works 'Autonomy'?


I think that it will be a core of the conceput for 'Well-Being'

In the near future, 'Health' and 'Environment' might be luxusly for us Human, due to climate change on Earth. The gene technology in agriculture doesn't help for our life in the near future more, due to Gene Mutation, that is not 'Evolution', but rather is 'Disases' and 'Syndrom'.

Evolution consists in NI within 'Health' and 'Environment'. Evolution means in the Law of Nature. All lieves on Earth will change that calls Evolution of or Development of or in the Law of Nature, even Virus too.


In my understandig of these researchs in Medicin and Neuroscience, Human's IQ would be lower, and more genetic 'Disases' and 'Syndrom', it means autoimmune system of Human might be problematic, such as anti-virus in body. 'co-exisitence' is thereby an important Idea in Human and biologic body.

Everywhere there are avant-garde, phenomenology, and perception as philosophy (poem) that is the culture. 

riángulo armónico, caligram made by Vicente Huidobro and published in his book Canciones en la Noche (1913). 

- in Chile, it was likewise Klimt's and others in Vienna in a starting point of the contemporary, how they were seeing the world at that time. – time, space and body literary.

Eliminative materialism (also called eliminativism) is the claim that people's common-sense understanding of the mind (or folk psychology) is false and that certain classes of mental states that most people believe in do not exist.[1] It is a materialist position in the philosophy of mind. Some supporters of eliminativism argue that no coherent neural basis will be found for many everyday psychological concepts such as belief or desire, since they are poorly defined. Rather, they argue that psychological concepts of behaviour and experience should be judged by how well they reduce to the biological level.[2] Other versions entail the non-existence of conscious mental states such as pain and visual perceptions.[3]

The idea of 'co-exisitence', 'Health' and 'Environment' is not One, rather Manifold and individual. 

I explore on 'Art' for 'Health' and 'Environment' in which Manifold and individual ideas.

On 'co-existence' to explore, it requires to investigate on the issure of, what are such as viruses and bacteria in the Law of the Nature on Earth resp. universe, 

Any device for listening or seeing for add. ability of Human body is better together with the medical therapies. How we use the technology, therefore we need the informations and profesional advices by the experts.

e.g. Sonny SMR-10, I never use this Sonny SMR-10, I can not say anything aobut Sonny SMR-10, but I'd like to know, how it works. A system of collecting of Sounds which is from microphone to earphone is generall today. However, Sonny SMR-10 has new system that is difference and diverse distances of sound sources in the collecting of sounds. But 'Understanding' is individual by each brain (cognition, awareness, consciousness and behavior). My interest is thereby in Human Cognition. Maybe the diveice helps for Human ability such as in the case of dementia diseases or to improve the hearing sense in Human Cognition, what it is for Human ability in health.

-> I think that it is impossible to reduce the psychological concepts of behaviour and experience to the biological level, but we can arise them to the sophisticated level. We have human 'brain' and 'sensation'. The requiment sowie by Dogen in Zen-Buddhism is not to reduce, but rather to overcome. Thus we have to accept own natural being who not realized by self–It's self-awareness in a part of 'Satori'(悟り).

What is 'Love'?

What is 'desire'?

What is 'being'?

The most beautiful state of Human is natural being.

Es geht um "Liebe" von Dogen, die Angelegenheit auf der intellektuellen Ebene der Menschen, z.B. bei der Kommunikation (klassische Kommunikation ist z.B Brief zu schreiben, in der Kunst, z.B. Musik Improvisation mit mehrerer ist eine intuitive Art der Kommunikation.), dass Menschen diese Intellektualität (human intellectual abilities) lernen müssen. d.h. Unmitelbare und mittelbare Gedanke, Empfindung und Wahrnehmung über sowie 'love', 'desire' 'jealousness' und 'being' sprachlich umsetzen. Das kann ein Gedicht sein, bei einer alltäglichen Unterhaltung sein, eine bildnerische Ebene sein, oder eine musikalische Ebene sein. Er erklärt die Liebe, eine universelle Intellektualität der Menschen ist.



Aigoyokukaitenochikaraarukotoo gakusubekinari


Das heißt, das Wort und Intellektualität der Menschen für und über Liebe sind nicht für den Ruin, Menschen müssen dafür lernen, 'Liebe' Intellektualität der Menschen für universulle Kräfte ist. Das Antonym von Liebe ist z.B Hass.

Es geht nicht um Gottesliebe oder Liebe zu Gott, sondern um menscliche Liebe.

Research Question in Ph.D. artistic research




Two research questions for something in what – time, space, and body.


According to Aristotle, “nature is an inner principle of change and being at rest” (Physics 2.1, 192b20–23).


 - What is pleasure for us, which is an important element x in our life?


- If things (Dinge) are ugly, or moreover, if something wriggles in things, is it something in what?


The research question "What is pleasure for us which is important element x in our life?" is in regard to the research context, in the first instance to Kant's idea of noumenon. Therefore I explore this research question practically and theoretically, which means exploring "What is Aesthetic Experience in Today's Society?" and " What is Art in Today's Society For?"

The second question "If things (Dinge) are ugly, or moreover, if something wriggles in things, is it something in what?" is in respect of the objectives.

'Love' consists in human intellectual abilities.

What is 'Love'?

Richard Kraut

Edited by Gail Fine  

Print Publication Date: Aug 2008 Subject: Philosophy, Classical Philosophy, Online Publication Date: Sep 2009, DOI:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195182903.003.0012


Eros and Philia are the two Greek words, which can be translated as love in English. This article focuses on the idea that Plato weaves around the emotion of love. On the one hand, there is the verb philein and its cognates (philia is the noun, philos the adjective)—a word we use all the time when we talk about philanthropy, philosophy, philharmonic, and the like. On the other hand, “to love” is also the proper translation of the verb eran. Eros is the name of this psychological force, erastês designates a lover, and erômenos is the one who is loved. Erôs is characterized here as a desire. That does not mean that whenever someone wants something, he loves it. The relationship goes in the other direction: whenever someone loves, he wants. This thesis says nothing about what kind of desire one has, when one loves. It may be a desire that Plato would locate in the appetitive part of the soul, but it need not be. The word Plato most often uses for desire in the passage examined in this article, as so often, is epithumia. But an epithumia can be any sort of desire—it is not necessarily an “appetitive” desire for food, drink or sex.

Keywords: loveerosphilieaphilanthropyphilosophyphilharmoniceranerastes

A very beautiful article by Richard Kraut, in the last paragraph of this article, he wrote "Above all, Plato insists that the erotic tendencies of human beings—their sexual appetites, their yearning for immortality through propagation, their receptivity to beauty—need to be educated, because they will never lead to anything of great value if they are put in the service of mistaken conceptions of what is truly good and truly beautiful. The desire to change the world so as to invest the future with something of ourselves will merely replicate and rearrange its defective furniture if it is allied to common misunderstandings of what is genuinely good for human beings. Love needs to be turned into something more than an inarticulate yearning for a sexual life partner or a procreative force. It needs to become (p. 310) something better than the intense alliance of two people who care not at all for the larger world—or even for their own families (Phaedrus 252a)—but only for their own togetherness and satisfaction. For that to happen on a grand scale, Plato believes, we will need a new kind of political community.8

  1. Self-acceptance
  2. Personal growth
  3. Purpose in life
  4. Environmental mastery
  5. Autonomy
  6. Positive relations with others

<- Das finde ich sehr interessant. Ich verstehe das auch bei Plato wie platonisch, ich nenne es intellektualität auf der geistigen Ebene. Aber 'Liebe' bei Plato ist nicht bei der Kommunikation der Menschen, sondern nach Wissen, so geht es bei Plato oft um Reinheit verstanden zu werden. z.B bei Kant. Obwohl es in der Zeit bei Plato wie bei Dogen war. Ich denke, Kant hat in der christlichen Ansicht geschrieben.

Plato (428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC)

Ich habe gern Plato gelesen, weil seine ohne Gottheit und Autonomie wie bei Dogen war – meine Sehnsucht nach der geistigen Freiheit.



Art in terms of the neurobiology, neuroaesthetics

- Environment

- Multisensory

- Perception

- Autonomy

- Diversity

Well-being, wellbeing, or wellness is the condition of an individual or group. A high level of well-being means that in some sense the individual's or group's condition is positive. According to Naci and Ioannidis, "Wellness refers to diverse and interconnected dimensions of physical, mental, and social well-being that extend beyond the traditional definition of health. It includes choices and activities aimed at achieving physical vitality, mental alacrity, social satisfaction, a sense of accomplishment, and personal fulfillment".[1][2][3]



Modern ideas of embodiment have been influential in cognitive science for the past several decades, yet there is minimal evidence of embodied cognition approaches in creativity research or pedagogical practices for teaching creativity skills. With creativity research in crisis due to conceptual, methodological, and theoretical issues, radical embodied cognitive science (RECS) may offer a framework to move the field forward. This conceptual analysis examines the current state of creativity research from the 4E (embodied, embedded, enactive, and extended) cognition and RECS perspectives. Two streams are critiqued for their potential to further knowledge about the development of creative expertise and inform educational practices. Promising directions for future research is discussed, including ways dynamical systems approaches, such as those used in improvisational and musical creativity, might yield new insights about how people develop creative expertise and help address the “higher order thinking” criticisms of RECS.

Keywords: embodied cognition, embodied creativity, embodied design, 4E creativity, enactive cognition, distributed cognition, social creativity, embodied metaphors

Extended cognition is the view that mental processes and mind extend beyond the body to include aspects of the environment in which an organism is embedded and the organism's interaction with that environment.[1] Cognition goes beyond the manipulation of symbols to include the emergence of order and structure evolving from active engagement with the world.[2]

Six-factor Model of Psychological Well-being[edit]

Carol Ryff's multidimensional model of psychological well-being postulated six factors which are key for well-being (is based on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, "where the goal of life isn't feeling good, but is instead about living virtuously"):[web 1]

  1. Self-acceptance
  2. Personal growth
  3. Purpose in life
  4. Environmental mastery
  5. Autonomy
  6. Positive relations with others

Klassische Politik -> 

<- Neue Politik

Bezieht die Krise der Menschheit sich auf genetische Anomalien?

„Indem diese Trennung Kants Dissertation »De mundi sensibilis atque intelligibilis forma et princiis« ihren ersten geschlossenen systematischen Ausdruck findet, ist daher auch das Problem der Ethik auf eine völlig Grundlage gestellt. Wie ein reines »Apriori« des Wissens, so gibt es jetzt auch ein Apriori der Sittlichkeit: wie jenes aus den bloßen sinnlichen Wahrnehmungen nicht ableitbar ist, sondern in einer ursprünglichen Spontaneität des Verstandes, in einem yt actus animia wurzelt, so muß auch dieses, wenn es seinem Gehalt und seiner Geltung nach begriffen werden soll, vorerst aus aller Abhängigkeit von dem sinnlichen Gefühl der Lust oder Unlust herausgelöst und von aller Vermischung mit ihm freigehalten werden. So ist bereits an dieser Stelle für Kant der Bruch mit aller eudämonistischen Begründung der Moral entschieden.“ („Der Aufbau der kritischen Ethik“, Kants Leben und Lehre, Ernst Cassirer (1874–1945), S. 251-252)

Dabei möchte ich nicht ideologisch, sondern natürlicherweise über Liebe nachdenken, auch nicht auf der eudämonistischen Ebene. Ich denke, dass „Liebe“ nicht nur eine heterosexuelle erotische Beziehung bedeutet. Allerdings kann kein Mensch definieren, was „Liebe“ ist, und auch nicht zeigen, „was Liebe ist“. „Liebe“ kann man in einem zufälligen Ereignis finden oder spüren. Durch dieses zufällige Ereignis der Liebe versucht man, seine Empfindung zu beschreiben, um ein eigenes Wort zu finden, sodass man „Objektivität und Subjektivität“ durch die Liebe erfahren kann, dies kann leidenschaftlich und freiwillig oder schmerzhaft und traurig sein.

Cassirer behauptet: „Wie ein reines » Apriori« des Wissens, so gibt es jetzt auch ein Apriori der Sittlichkeit: wie jenes aus den bloßen sinnlichen Wahrnehmungen nicht ableitbar ist, sondern in einer ursprünglichen Spontaneität des Verstandes, in einem yt actus animia wurzelt“, denke ich dabei nach, insbesondre über „Mitosis and Cell Division“ (Mitose und Zellteilung), um was natürliches Wesen geht.


Meine Vorstellung „Raum und Zeit“ in einer ursprünglichen Spontaneität des Verstandes, die in einem yt actus animia wurzelt, im natürlichen Wesen wie beispielsweise, ist es „Mitose und Zellteilung“. Ich zitiere folgende Erklärung aus Wikipedia: „Als Mitose (griech. μίτος mitos ‚Faden‘) oder Karyokinese (griech. κάρυον karyon ‚Kern‘, κίνησις kinesis ‚Bewegung‘), auch indirekte Kernteilung, wird die Teilung des Zellkerns bezeichnet, bei der zwei Tochterkerne mit gleicher genetischer Information entstehen. (...) Bei der Mitose werden diese Chromatiden dann getrennt und aufgeteilt, sodass jeder Tochterkern je eine identische Hälfte als Tochterchromosom erhält. Damit kann an zwei Tochterzellen jeweils eine identische Kopie des gesamten chromosomalen Genoms der Mutterzelle weitergegeben werden.[1]


Genau so bei Cassirer, stehe ich auch heute in 2020, dass er in 1922 geschrieben hat „Die unendliche Teilbarkeit, wie die unendliche Erstreckung beider birgt jetzt keinen inneren Widerspruch mehr; ist es doch nunmehr klar, daß sie nicht in den Dingen, sondern in unserem Urteil über die Dinge gegründet ist. Jegliche Teilung und Zusammensetzung ist ein Werk des Intellekts. Die einzelnen Zeit- und Raumabschnitte haben keine andere Existenz als diejenige, die sie in unserer Betrachtung besitzen2). Und so sehr jedes gegebene Ganze des Raumes und der Zeit notwendig begrenzt sein muß, so ist doch dem Verfahren, kraft dessen wir willkürlich immer neue Teile unterscheiden und setzen können, keine Schranke gesetzt."(„Raum und Zeit“, Das Erkenntnisproblem in der Philosophie und Wissenschaft der neueren Zeit, Ernst Cassirer,  Berlin: Verlag Bruno Cassirer, 1922, S. 63-64), und demgemäß bewußt oder unterbewußt ändert sich meine oder von anderer Empfindung der Zeit und des Raumes, wie nehme ich dieses Phänomen als neuen Fakt zur Kenntnis? 





Zu meiner Frage, Bezieht die Krise der Menschheit sich auf genetische Anomalien?, denke ich, dafür eher liegt es an unserer Vorstellung des Raums und der Zeit, wie wir wahrnehmen.

Research question/Forschungsfrage:

What is pleasure for us which is an important element x in our life?

If things (Dinge) are ugly, moreover, if something wriggles in things, is it something in what?   

Subjectivity is a central philosophical concept, related to consciousness, agency, personhood, reality, and truth, which has been variously defined by sources. Three common definitions include that subjectivity is the quality or condition of:

  • Something being a subject, narrowly meaning an individual who possesses conscious experiences, such as perspectives, feelings, beliefs, and desires.[1]
  • Something being a subject, broadly meaning an entity that has agency, meaning that it acts upon or wields power over some other entity (an object).[2]
  • Some information, idea, situation, or physical thing considered true only from the perspective of a subject or subjects.

These various definitions of subjectivity are sometimes joined together in philosophy. The term is most commonly used as an explanation for that which influences, informs, and biases people's judgments about truth or reality; it is the collection of the perceptions, experiences, expectations, and personal or cultural understanding of, and beliefs about, an external phenomenon, that are specific to a subject.

Subjectivity is contrasted to the philosophy of objectivity, which is described as a view of truth or reality that is free of any individual's biases, interpretations, feelings, and imaginings.[1]

Wir leben nicht außerhalb des Universums.  Wir leben auf der Erde im Universum. Der Raum ist jedoch das Universum.

- Die theoretische Quantenphysik umfasst die Quantenmechanik und die Quantenfeldtheorie.

- Relativitätstheorie

- Raumzeit

- Dimension (Mathemathik)