Exposition

An Approach to Romantic cello playing in Brahms's time (2020)

María Cadenas Rodríguez
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About this exposition

The revolution of sound recording at the beginning of the 20th century influenced classical performance practice, setting definitive interpretations and eradicating more personal approaches to music-making. Many fundamental expressive devices were lost over the years and thus Romantic musical performance was no longer understood in the same way. This is why my research tries to look backwards in time with the aim of exploring the main attributes of Brahms’s Romantic style in music for string instruments. My research aims to: (1) understand lost Romantic expressive devices and how they worked, and (2) explore ways of using them today. I first analysed primary and secondary literature to establish context. Then I examined historical edited cello scores by Brahms, using them to show the different fingerings and slurrings provided by the main cellists of the period, which give us a clear idea about the use of portamenti, for example. Finally I listened to cello and string quartet early recordings to hear sonic evidence of these techniques, before applying them in Brahms's chamber music for cello. The main outcome I found is that diverse and emotional approaches to music-making made the Romantic period unique. I hope these tools can encourage today’s cellists and string players in general to create new, more personal, freer and more creative approaches to playing Romantic repertoires.
typeresearch exposition
keywordssound recording, performance, romanticism, music history
date10/11/2019
published15/06/2020
last modified15/06/2020
statuspublished
share statusprivate
copyrightMaria Cadenas
licenseAll rights reserved
urlhttps://www.researchcatalogue.net/view/729059/729060
published inKC Research Portal
portal issue1. Master Research Projects


Simple Media

id name copyright license
729086 Piano quartet n.1, Op.25 in g moll edited by Ossip Schnirlin, 1st movement Piano quartet n.1, Op.25 in g moll edited by Ossip Schnirlin, 1st movement All rights reserved
729088 Piano quartet n.1, Op.25 in g moll edited by Ossip Schnirlin, 1st movement Piano quartet n.1, Op.25 in g moll edited by Ossip Schnirlin, 1st movement All rights reserved
729090 Cello Sonata n.1, Op.38 in E minor edited by Julius Klengel, 1st movement Cello Sonata n.1, Op.38 in E minor edited by Julius Klengel, 1st movement All rights reserved
729092 Piano trio n.2 in C dur edited by Ossip Schnirlin, 1st movement Piano trio n.2 in C dur edited by Ossip Schnirlin, 1st movement All rights reserved
729095 Cello Sonata n.1 in E minor edited by Hugo Becker, 1st movement Cello Sonata n.1 in E minor edited by Hugo Becker, 1st movement All rights reserved
729097 Cello Sonata n.1 in E minor edited by Hugo Becker, 1st movement Cello Sonata n.1 in E minor edited by Hugo Becker, 1st movement All rights reserved
729099 Cello Sonata n.1 in E minor edited by Julius Klengel, 1st movement Cello Sonata n.1 in E minor edited by Julius Klengel, 1st movement All rights reserved
729101 Piano quartet n.2, Op.26 in A dur edited by Ossip Schnirlin, 1st movement Piano quartet n.2, Op.26 in A dur edited by Ossip Schnirlin, 1st movement All rights reserved
802431 Figure 1. Alfredo Piatti http://www.cello.org/heaven/bios/piatti/lgpiatti.htm All rights reserved
802434 Figure 2. Joachim quartet http://www.cello.org/heaven/bios/piatti/lgpiatti.htm All rights reserved
802438 Figure 3. Karl Davydov https://interlude.hk/schools-cello-playing-russia-armenia/ All rights reserved
802441 Figure 4. Hubay-Popper Quartett 1898 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Popper All rights reserved
802446 Figure 5. David Popper http://www.davidpopper.org/photos All rights reserved
802452 Figure 6. Hugo Becker https://www.icollector.com/Hugo-Becker_i15665537 All rights reserved
802462 Figure 7. Robert Hausmann with Johannes Brahms http://www.b3classic.com/pagina_nueva_101.htm All rights reserved
802469 Figure 8. Julius Klengel in 1903 https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julius_Klengel All rights reserved
804786 Becker plays Minuet https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mNQGBNjHxDQ All rights reserved
804798 Joseph Hollman - Chopin- Nocturne in F (192 kbps) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uku64KH8lmw All rights reserved
804802 Joseph Hollman - Gavotte No. 2 (Popper) (1922) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0nDR6EsXT4Y All rights reserved
804807 Bruch- Kol Nidrei - Judith Bokor https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fCrEgiZT1DI All rights reserved
804814 Guilhermina Suggia plays Kol Nidrei from Max Bruch https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IIGR6OJji04 All rights reserved
804818 Arnold Földesy plays Kol Nidrei https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6o5rMqahKKQ All rights reserved
804823 A.Rubinstein- Romance - Judith Bokor https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CLN8SYDIaJs All rights reserved
804863 Felix Salmond plays Kol Nidrei https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=COyiIcXXZq8 All rights reserved
804870 Salmond - Beethoven- 7 Variations on Mozart’s Magic Flute aria Bei Männern welche Liebe fühlen https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lc2ez5AHdZE All rights reserved
804945 Schumann- Cello Concerto, Langsam - Bottermund https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0-9VsoGlW88 All rights reserved
804951 Gregor Piatigorsky ('cello) - The Swan (Saint-Saens) (1927) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pxBYTR4cOuk All rights reserved
804955 Wilhelm Kempff & Paul Grümmer play Beethoven Cello Sonata No. 3, in A major, Op. 69 - 1st mvmt https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TmCxXxyt4Ws All rights reserved
804963 Feuermann – Brahms Cello Sonata no 1, 1934 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ypw3YxFQO2w All rights reserved
804972 Elgar - Cello concerto - Harrison - NSO - Elgar https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i6k86n4m7rs All rights reserved
804981 Elgar - Cello concerto - Harrison - NSO - Elgar https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i6k86n4m7rs All rights reserved
805552 william-henry-squire-1871-1963-elgar-cello-concerto-hartyhalle-o-r1930 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PiHSwh8l2x0 All rights reserved
805561 william-henry-squire-1871-1963-elgar-cello-concerto-hartyhalle-o-r1930 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1doUJI5KuVg All rights reserved
805636 Piano quartet n.1, Op.25 in g moll edited by Ossip Schnirlin, 1st movement Piano quartet n.1, Op.25 in g moll edited by Ossip Schnirlin.Editorial Berlin:N.Simrock, Ed.648, 1927 All rights reserved
805644 Piano quartet n.1, Op.25 in g moll edited by Ossip Schnirlin, 1st movement Piano quartet n.1, Op.25 in g moll edited by Ossip Schnirlin.Editorial Berlin:N.Simrock, Ed.648, 1927 All rights reserved
805654 Cello Sonata n.1, Op.38 in E minor edited by Julius Klengel, 1st movement, bars 76-91. Cello Sonata n.1, Op.38 in E minor edited by Julius Klengel. Editorial C.F.Peter, Leipzig (c.a.1925) All rights reserved
805671 Piano trio n.2 in C dur edited by Ossip Schnirlin, 1st movement Piano trio n.2 in C dur edited by Ossip Schnirlin. Editorial Berlin:N.Simrock, Ed.648, 1927 All rights reserved
805677 Cello Sonata n.1 in E minor edited by Hugo Becker, 1st movement, bars 34-38. Cello Sonata n.1 in E minor edited by Hugo Becker, 1st movement. Editorial B.Schott's Söhne, Mainz 1922 All rights reserved
805680 Cello Sonata n.1 in E minor edited by Hugo Becker, 1st movement, bars 91-92 Cello Sonata n.1 in E minor edited by Hugo Becker. Editorial B.Schott's Söhne, Mainz 1922 All rights reserved
805683 Cello Sonata n.1 in E minor edited by Julius Klengel, 1st movement, bars 1-4 Cello Sonata n.1, Op.38 in E minor edited by Julius Klengel. Editorial C.F.Peter, Leipzig (c.a.1925) All rights reserved
805688 Piano quartet n.2, Op.26 in A dur edited by Ossip Schnirlin, 1st movement Piano quartet n.2, Op.26 in A dur edited by Ossip Schnirlin. Editorial Berlin:N.Simrock, Ed.648, 1927 All rights reserved
805722 brahms-quartet-no-1-catterall-quartet-1923 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SeDFTTE7oMU All rights reserved
805782 flonzaley-string-quartet-brahms-piano-quintet https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1doUJI5KuVg All rights reserved
805800 several strings me All rights reserved
805803 dim. me All rights reserved
805808 up and down 2 me All rights reserved
807578 bow changes me All rights reserved
807589 open strings me All rights reserved
807608 up and down same finger mw All rights reserved
807613 up and down same finger me All rights reserved
807667 slur same finger me All rights reserved
807682 3 fingerings me All rights reserved
807691 more closed me All rights reserved
807723 closed 3 me All rights reserved
807865 bow speed and pressure me All rights reserved
807902 Music ex. slurs me All rights reserved
807912 Music ex. vibrato me All rights reserved
807921 music ex. vibrato me All rights reserved
807926 music ex. me All rights reserved
808287 Haydn- Cello Concerto in D - Suggia-Barbirolli 1st Recording (192 kbps) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2MyLOvOVHnc All rights reserved
808341 better bow changes me All rights reserved
808346 bow speed and pressure 2 me All rights reserved
933187 Johannes Brahms https://www.pinterest.es/pin/198158452331435215/?nic_v1=1azzzP8C3NzOlo5ajb6iK95c1tle7SHhsqRl0jGjBeNg3itWQZawcxlzy8SWiYnOhv All rights reserved
933191 KC-logo_jewel-NL https://www.koncon.nl/ All rights reserved
933222 Carlo Alfredo Piatti me All rights reserved
933412 Johannes Brahms http://www.martijnhooning.nl/muziekgeschiedenis/brahms1_e.html All rights reserved
933422 KC-logo_jewel-NL www.koncon.nl All rights reserved

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