This artistic research project explores new methods to prevent racism and antisemittism among young people.
Transposing workshop- based methodology from the pilot project (Kramer 2018), that focuses on the Jewish tradition of commemoration through stones the pilot was developed in Lodz, Poland. Participants in workshops receive small parcels at the workshop entrance. Unwrapping the paper, instructions and agreement of consent is found on the inside, as well as an individual number. The instructions informs how the participants may contribute to the unveiling of information about Holocaust victims, and gives instructions for procedure: To grasp  the stone and feel it becoming warm inside the palm. To make a drawing on the inside of the paper.
To pay notice to the number which corresponds to a list on the wall. Here individual information is provided: The name, age, gender and home address of the person commemorated. A name tag is provided to the stone and placed on a map. Participants may then photograph the stone and publish on social media using hashtags. The drawings and the stones remain in the property of the researchers and will be used for exhibitions and other relevant purposes. An anonymous user experience survey is the final stage of the workshop.
DEVELOPMENT SINCE 2020
The new project, Hvis dette er et menneske? (If this were a human being) is being developed in cooperation with Falstadsenteret, a human rights and democracy center in Trøndelag, Norway.
The project builds on information about Norwegian Jews deported from Trondheim in 1942. Creating an archive using theory from microhistory, the project explores collaboratory art methodologies as methods of change (Berman 2017). How can inquiry-based learning strengthen the links between teaching and disciplinary research (Spronken-Smith and Walker, 2010)? The exploration of drawing as tool for learning (Mäkelä 2007) will continue in this branch of the project. What are the cultural semiotic consequences when site-specific narrative is transposed to another place (Magid, 2012)? Which elements could be of significance in this transposition? (Torop, 2017)? What ethical considerations should be taken (Guo, 2014)?
The project investigates new approaches of commemorating though drawing/illustration, as well as relation between object and participant (Moniker, 2016) and discusses memory and object (Jenkins, 2018). The exploration of the viewer as illustrator and objects as illustration is the expected outcome.
The project is a cooperation between Falstadsenteret and professor Hilde Kramer, Faculty of Fine Art, Music and Design at the University of Bergen. Project leader is Sebastian Klein, Head of Education at Falstadsenteret. During the first symposium of the project on 19th of October 2020 he gives a presentation
Stones as starting-point for constructing a methodology combining learning and commemoration
Stones are closely connected to the act of commemoration in Jewish culture, and have been used for centuries in graveyards. Since the release of Steven Spielbergs film Schindler´s List the use of stones as commemoration has spread also to all continents and also crossing cultural borders. But stones are being used in commemoration also in cases not related to a Jewish context:
32 dead, 32 stones (Moniker, 2015) is a memorial dedicated to the victims of the shooting on May 7th, 1945 at the Dam Square in Amsterdam where a drunk Nazi-German soldier shot randomly into a crowd. The commemoration site was realized as a collective commemoration project initiated by Studio Moniker that is located at Dam in Amsterdam, Here the names of the victims are written with pebbles placed inside the pavement, and the design of each letter in their names has been ‘negotiated’ by visitors to a website.
Czysta woda/ Clear water (Dobosz, 2018) is a graphic installation by Agnieszka Dobosz exhibited at the BWA gallery in Kraków, Poland in July 2018. Her project relates to family history; her second great grand-mother awaiting the return of the artists grandfather from a concentration camp. Collecting stones from a river nearby the family home, she exhibited them together with her own drawings on the gallery floor. In the description of the artistic installation on the gallery wall there is no explanation if the use of stones and reference to concentration camp should be understood as an art project relating to a Jewish context.
A NEW WORKSHOP STRUCTURE DEVELOPED DURING 2021 AND 2022
- Participants making individual maps through frottage
- Expanding drawing as part of the methodology: While draving the stone still is important, in the new workshops the participants also use the frottage technique to create portraits of the victims commemorated in the workshops.
The project is now part of a research network* exchanging experiences on including drama-pedagogical methods (Skjeie 2019) as part of the didactic teaching methods. In a workshop at the Holocaust Center in Oslo five projects were presented and discussed on November 5th 2022. The network will continue with plans of publication at the end of the project.
For our project, both the drawing-illustration parts, map-making and vocalisation are examples of drama-pedagical approaches.
* Organizers: Nasjonalt senter for kunst og kultur i opplæringen (KKS) og Demokratisk Beredskap mot Rasisme og Antisemittisme (Dembra).
1. […] the knowing touch projects us outside our body through movement. […] There are tactile phenomena, alleged tactile qualities, like roughness and smoothness, which disappear completely if the exploratory movement is eliminated. Movement and time are not only an objective condition of knowing touch, but a phenomenal component of tactile data. They bring about the patterning of tactile phenomena, just as light shows up the configuration of a visible surface.
Barclay et al. (2018) Interactive map showing historic maps, photographic material and satelite images demonstrating how Palestine is strategically being deprived of physical territory and wiped out of general Israeli map information. https://palopenmaps.org/ Retrieved 10.12.2022
Benoit et al. (2018)
Berman, K. (2017). Methodologies and Methods of Change. In Finding Voice: A Visual Arts Approach to Engaging Social Change (pp. 9-20). Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Retrieved November 3, 2020, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctvdtphz0.5
Derrida, J. (1994) Given Time, vol 1: Counterfeit Money. pp. 10-16, Peggy Kamuf, trans, Chicago: University of Chicago.
Gallance and Spence (2009 (TBC)
Guo, H. (2014, 09 24). The Ethical Turn in Contemporary Western Semiotics. Retrieved from De Greuter: https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/css.2014.10.issue-3/css-2014-0037/css-2014-0037.xml
Hertenstein, M. (2011). The communicative functions of touch in adulthood. In: Hertenstein MJ, Weiss SJ, editors. The Handbook of Touch: Neuroscience, Behavioral, and Health Perspectives New York, USA: Springer, pp. 299–327.
Kramer, H (2018) Når tilskueren tegner. Minnehandlinger og formidling av sensitive emner i det 21. århundre. Formakademisk 11 Vol. 3. DOI: ttps://doi.org/10.7577/formakademisk.2741
Magid, S. (2012). The Holocaust and Jewish Identity in America: Memory, the Unique, and the Universal. Jewish Social Studies Vol. 18, No. 2 , pp. 100-135.
Merleau-Ponty, M. (1996) Phenomenology of Perception. Delhi : Motilal Banarsidass, 1996, ©1945, p. 315.
Mäkelä, M. (2007) Drawing as a Research Tool: Making and understanding in art and design practice. Retrieved 02.11. 2019 from researchgate.net: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/277308776_Drawing_as_a_research_tool_Making_and_understanding_in_art_and_design_practice
Moniker, S. (2016). Place A Stone. Retrieved from Place A Stone: https://placeastone.nl Retrieved 02.11. 2019
Skjeie H.F., (2019)
Smith et al. (2021) Disabilit, the communication of physical activity and sedentary behavious, and ableism: A call for inclusive messages. In British Journal of Medicine february 2021. Retrieved 10.12.2022 DOI:10.1136/bjsports-2020-103780
Spronken-Smith, R. & Walker, R. Can inquiry‐based learning strengthen the links between teaching and disciplinary research? Retrieved from tandfonline.com: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03075070903315502
Torop, P. (2017, 12). Semiotics of cultural history. Retrieved from researchgate.net:
Venkatesan, S. (2011). The Social Life of a "Free" Gift.
American Ethnologist Vol. 38, No. 1 (FEBRUARY 2011), pp. 47-57. Retrieved 10.12.2022
Wierzbowski, Jessica Lynn, "The effects of systemic ableism on those with a visual impairment : a theoretical perspective" (2011). Masters Thesis, Smith College, Northampton, MA. https://scholarworks.smith.edu/theses/1027 Retreived 10.12.2022